The ones lucky enough to return home have changed drastically in what they feel and how they think. During war, everything is always changing- one side is winning, then losing, the front is shifting, troops are being reassigned, etc. He progresses from there to a sense of participation in the war and to an elevated, dignified love life. There are no more choices for him as far as professions go because he had given up architecture to join the army and now he has given up the army too. Even Helen fears abandonment by Catherine. Toward the end of the book, in his conversation with Count Greffi page 262 , Henry says that what he valued most in the world was the one he loved, showing that love had transformed his life and was the most important thing in it.
It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. And so, although some try to separate Lt. Catherine seeks solace for the death of her fiancé, while Henry will do anything to distance himself from the war. The two develop a relationship and eventually fall in love. He was wounded on July 8, 1918, on the Italian front near Fossalta di Piave.
The murder of the engineer seems justifiable because it is an inevitable by-product of the spiraling violence and disorder of the war. A young American student, studying architecture in Italy, offers his services to the Italian army. Her reasons for doing so are clear: she wants to distance herself from the pain of her loss. He also asserts his individualism by refusing to participate in what he sees as a corrupt and pointless war. This fear of showing their relationship to others is based upon the illusion of their relationship. The speeding cars imply that the roads are dangerous.
Frederick realizes this and is able to get on with his life on his own. Catherine also understands that they are using each other, each to escape the war in their own way: he through womanizing, she by pretending to find a replacement for her lost love. Rinaldi refers to his own condition of gonorrhea and says everyone has it. It is too chaotic and immoral for him to rationalize its cause. Compared to this new form of order in his life, Frederick sees the losing Italian army as total chaos and disorder where he had previously seen discipline and control.
He composed this novel with a high level of detail that was, at times, graphic. Though she did not die during the war, as Catherine does, Agnes eventually rejected Hemingway via a letter. Henry is a classic Hemingway hero in that he is a stoic who does his duty without complaint. But there was something to do then. Loyalty Versus Abandonment The notions of loyalty and abandonment apply equally well to love and war. She begins to sneak into his room at night and they conduct a love affair all summer.
What is beyond his control. Although the war can be brutal, it can also affect us in more ways than one. The doctors try to give her a Caesarian operation, but the baby is stillborn and Catherine eventually dies of multiple hemorrhages. However, he is not above turning to religion in times of crisis, as can be seen in the St. Henry and Bonello shoot one of them.
In their world, friendship between soldiers is lasting, but women are only to be romanced and bragged about later. Even at the beginning of the book, nobody likes the war; however, they are optimistic about the outcome and feel that they can win. At the start of the novel, Frederick drinks and travels from one house of prostitution to another and yet he is discontent because his life is very unsettled. Hemingway is a wordsmith, but he also does not mince words. He is told once the jaundice is clear, he will return immediately.
At the beginning of the novel, he has never experienced true loss, believes that war is dreadful but necessary, has a lust for adventure, drinking, and women, and sees Catherine as just another diversion. The tragedy of the novel rests in the fact that their love, even when genuine, can never be more than temporary in this world. A Farewell to Arms, by Ernest Hemingway, is a typical love story. At this point in the novel, Frederic starts to realize the realities of war. Frozen water is kinder to him and to soldiers in general; snow usually prevents fighting, and Henry and Catherine are happiest during their snowy winter in Switzerland. By turning away from the world and trying to seek their own happiness, Henry and Catherine find more meaning in their relationship than in any other obligation. Henry tells him to give himself a bump on his head so they will have to send him to the hospital.
As a reader you think that you have seen it all, but then this book comes along. Miss Van Campen — The head nurse of the hospital. Hemingway shows that love can persevere in a world ruined with war. Throughout the novel, a mood of continuous boredom, disappointment, and apathy, generated from a sense of inevitability of fate, dominates. Each feels like a real person even someone you could know. However, that is not to say that Frederic ever clearly denounces or supports war because it is not in his character to be so passionate.