Strong army, best and most feared fighters on land. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. These two rivals were at the forefront of pretty much everything that happened in Greece and the surrounding regions. Economy Sparta was mainly an agricultural land because of its inland location. Cleisthenes gets rid of a butt corrupt tyrant. Moreover, in Spartan society, newborn babies of both genders were inspected. To begin with, both Athenians and Spartans were Greek-speaking people with the same religious beliefs.
This idea eventually led to war between the. Athens viewed itself as a regional power, and it had the ambitions to match. Boys went barefoot, wore minimal clothing even in winter , practiced all forms of athletics, and received military instruction. Before we can get there we need to first research the differences between the two city-states. Slavery In social studies it is important for us to be able to put ourselves in other peoples shoes, and in this activity we are going to do exactly that! Analogous to Athenian women, Spartan women had to obey their fathers and husbands.
Benchmarks: Understands the basic structure of authoritarian systems and totalitarian systems, and how these systems are considered unlimited governments. Which was a military oligarchy? The Peloponnesian War There soon developed a powerful alliance of city-states, led by Athens that called itself the Delian League because they had a shared treasury on the Island of Delos. Both polei celebrate their gods and religion the same way by making sacrifices and building and frequenting temples of worship usually one for each individual god. For this lesson I am going to divide the class into half. Minimum of 4 to 5 paragraphs. Arguments should be in paragraph or sentence form 2. The main form of equality in Sparta was the Apella.
In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. The most important imports were metals. This was not an official position, and a city-state became hegemon through a combination of political and military dominance. Athens economy was dependent more upon trade. A concise site dealing with Roman, Egyptian, Greek, and sub-Saharan cultures geared for middle school students. Discuss which of the two Greek city-states was most successful in Olympic competition, given the nature of life in each.
The Spartans did not focus on the aspect of economy but instead tried to abolish it from their society. The citizens of Athens discussed what to do. In Sparta the army is what mattered to them above all. They were educated in choral dance, reading and writing, but athletics and military training were emphasized. Athens, located in the Attica region, had a Mediterranean climate with adequate amounts of precipitation.
They needed to be good mothers and wives. Unlike many conquerors that would have destroyed Athens for its ambitions, Sparta was content to let Athens live on, under the condition that Athens never tried to conquer its neighbors again. Newborn males judged to be weak were left to die of exposure. While their was still technically wealth it did not matter much in society. We talk about how some rules are the same, but California would worry more about coastlines and we would be concerned with water usage. Students interests are peaked because they now have a base to connect to.
In addition, it offers a chart and Venn diagram to compare and contrast the city-states. Essays should be at least two pages in length, exhibit some level of creative thinking, and have relatively few spelling and grammatical errors. Both civilizations, in the end and like the characters in their most celebrated poets best works, share a tone of ironic tragedy as each state makes poor political choices, submits its citizens lives to fate through weakened leadership and splintered government and are eventually subsumed in the rushing historical tides of dislocation and war. But I think is was probably a good guess by Hollywood. Including pictures and using your notes to defend your choice and try to convince others that your city state is the place to live.
Click on any of the vocabulary words below to hear them pronounced and used in a sentence. How accurate are the student's perceptions? The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. Ancient Greece brought to light the concept of democracy and ideas in the field of science and art. Athens was severely weakened and went from being hegemon to one of the least powerful city-states in Greece. This form of oligarchical government was elected by Spartan citizens who were over thirty years of age. During the , the city experienced decline and then recovery under the , and was relatively prosperous during the , as they benefitted from Italian trade.
Only Sparta was able to resist and remain independent. To teach them more about the two city-states, I then use the Venn Diagram. Make a brochure telling me which city-state you want to live in and why. Which had the strongest army on land? People had to join the army in Sparta Definition of Athens Athens is currently the capital city of Greece and has been having the status of the principal town in the country for several decades. The only thing they export is olive oil because they have an excess of this. This military state was established to control the people they had conquered, the Messenians.
The everyday lives of people in ancient Greek city-states is documented by a very readable text, illustrations, and photographs. As I recall, when I saw the movie several months ago it's not available for reviewing again from Blockbuster until July 31, 2007 , the most significant event before the great battle was the visit of the Persian diplomats to King Leonidas offering him and his family great wealth and position with no one getting killed in a needless war, if he would only submit to Xerxes as ruler of a new Persian-Grecian Empire. At age 18 she would be assigned a husband and return home. Having given the class a flavor of ancient Greece you might want to show the video clips listed in Tools and Materials above. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. As we discuss this, I move or add details based on the conversation. On the other hand, in Sparta the.