They tend to be very family-oriented and have strong connections across generations and with extended family. Donald Mathews is more sensitive to this phenomenon. Rise of Evangelicalism The Second Great Awakening and Rise of Evangelicalism Transformations in American economics, politics and intellectual culture found their parallel in a transformation of American religion in the decades following independence, as the United States underwent a widespread flowering of religious sentiment and unprecedented expansion of church membership known as the Second Great Awakening. Thus, the Great Awakening brought about a climate which made the American Revolution possible. The British colonies were settled by many individuals who were looking for a place to worship their Christian religion free from persecution.
In the Appalachian region of Tennessee and Kentucky, the revival energized Presbyterians, and Baptists, and gave rise to the popular camp meeting, a chance for isolated frontier folk to gather and enjoy the excitement of evangelistic fervor. Response to Societal Conditions It is important to take a look at the societal conditions of the era during which revivals flourished and how the revival movement responded to these conditions. The first movements for social reform began to develop during this era. The church of the original colonies was various versions of entrenched Puritanism, underpinned by Calvinism. Thus, Unitarians adhere to strict monotheism, maintaining that Jesus was a great man and a prophet of God but not God himself.
They were committed to individuals achieving a personal relationship with Christ. Edwards maintained that the Spirit of God withdrew from Northampton in the 1740s, and some supporters found that the revival came to an end in that decade. The revival stimulated the growth of several educational institutions, including Princeton, Brown, and Rutgers universities and. Remember that this was over 60 years before the Civil War and over 160 years before the Civil Rights Movement. Some Mormons are also either independent or non-practicing. A Congregational pastor at Northampton, Massachusetts, he preached by faith alone with remarkable effectiveness. This is a big part of what ended slavery a lot of things ended slavery, with almost constant legislation being sponsored from 1776 until it passed 90 years later, but having the black population increasingly organized and educated via the churches was a big part of it.
Image result for Who was Albert F. Despite its differences in creed, it was still essentially about religious leaders in the United States trying to take control of their followers, and taking it away from the more threatening religious and political leaders from Europe. By the time Edwards took the pulpit, though, things had slipped; licentiousness prevailed particularly with young people. He was married twice, first to Margaret Curtis who died in 1594 , and later to Margaret Humphrey who died in 1612. In many areas, blacks were invited to hold a revival at the same time with the two groups joining together on the last day.
As the mass movements led by these lay preachers multiplied, and as people felt increasingly free to chart their own spiritual course, religion during this period began to resemble a competitive marketplace, where the traditional establishments could no longer count on a guaranteed level of membership in the face of highly appealing and energetic alternatives. Edit This Worksheet Editing resources is available exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members. The extended from the 1790s to the time before the American broke out in 1860. The deep knowledge of the north ended up causing them to put too much trust in their own understanding and not enough on the scripture. But I don't see that happening.
The church had to change. Image result for Who was Albert F. The movement started around 1800, had begun to gain momentum by 1820, and was in decline by 1870. Similarly, the Baptists and the Shakers developed significantly during this period. Gorman, Assistant Professor, Johnson University Oberlin President, Charles Grandison Finney 1792-1875 Generally regarded as a second groundswell of evangelical Protestant religious interest following the Revolutionary War, the Second Great Awakening was more extensive and enduring than the of the 1730s-1740s. It would seem that some of the effectiveness of revivalists in reaching so many people with the Christian faith had something to do with their adaptability and response to societal conditions.
The idea of social equality that came about with the advent of the new nation trickled down to religion. At first, the challenges of living in a colonial America isolated from its roots in Europe served to support an autocratic leadership; but by the 1720s, the increasingly diverse, commercially successful colonies had a stronger sense of independence. The circuit riders came from among the common people, which helped them establish rapport with the frontier families they hoped to convert. But wars and economic disasters are not our only p. The conclusion can be drawn from the 18th-century experience that a deep and powerful spiritual renewal can be more effective in transforming a culture than political action.
Some historians identify a Third Great Awakening that added international missionary work to the other forms of religious activity seen in earlier phases of a broader Great Awakening. Most evangelical churches relied on itinerant preachers to reach large areas without an established minister and also included important places for lay people who took on major religious and administrative roles within evangelical congregations. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. The most prominent of these men was Jonathan Mayhew 1720—1766 , pastor of the West Church in Boston, who preached the strict unity of God, the subordinate nature of Christ, and salvation by character. To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free it only takes a minute and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! This great societal shift availability of leisure time was taking place in the midst of revivalism and the second great awakening. Two of the more significant contributions come from Nathan Hatch and Donald Mathews. A countervailing tendency was underway, however, in the form of a tremendous religious revival that spread westward during the century's first half.