For example, the word dustbin may be known as refuse container, rubbish box, etc. With this standardisation one may have lower cost and the task of procurement, replacement etc. Moreover for a good quality control system a unique identification is a pre-requisite. Alphabets are allotted to an item according to its initials or abbreviation. Stores are generally classified either by their nature or by their usage. The Vietnam War resulted in rising price and materials availability pressure.
Fully Significant:- all the digits of the code signify some property of the material 2. Decimal Codification System The decimal codification system is more commonly used. A large number of store items are reduced to smaller group of items in a systematic way which helps in standardization of materials and encourage various uses of the same item. Forming and Cutting Tools: These tools are used with machines to change the shape or form of material. The codification of Roman Law is called The Code of Justinian. To have an efficient purchasing department. Auxiliary Tools: There are the devices used for building up or tearing down products or machines.
Follow up the performance of tools in manufacture, Keeping the necessary records of costs of tools, rate of output attained for every tooling method and using the information for improving the design of tools already made. For example: Thus, last two digits indicate the size. The stores record is a means for allocating material to production orders and it enables the scheduling and release of orders with full assurances that materials will be available when required. The codification is one of such measures because durable, perishable, costly, cheap, heavy, light, frequently used goods etc. Another function of material management is purchasing which has to be performed successfully with its suppliers.
Judges have mor … e power and do not simply act as referees as in the United States in Jury trials. The receipts are entered as per the G. Kodak Codification: The Kodak system has been developed by East Man Kodak Company of New York which consists of 10 digits of numerical code. The entire ranges of items have first to be classified under a broad class. The advancement of principles of scientific management in the 20 th century by F.
The quality of material must be assured and should not be compromised with the cost of the material. Materials can also be classified on the basis of quality and utility. After 2000, purchasing approaches reveal a changing prominence towards the upgrading of quality of materials, supplier relationship, more co-operative approach, long-term strategies of cost management and database materials management systems for materials planning and utilization in industries to bring about overall improvement in production systems, in-cost reduction through economy and increased sales. In some concerns, these ledgers are maintained in bound volumes so as to avoid loss of loose folios. To keep the stores in desired condition over a period of time, may require very simple or elaborate measures, depending on the nature of materials, the length of time in storage and the rate of deterioration.
In 1933, nine colleges offered courses in purchasing which was increased to forty-nine colleges in 1945 in America. Colour Codification: This system uses colour marking for easier and more ready identification on metals, bars, pipe, drum and cable. It also controls the materials handling and its interchange. D Control of Tools : Tools are of four categories namely: 1. For example: Fifth and sixth digits indicates the shape and metallurgical conditions. The bin card is placed in the bin. Gushee, Russell Forbes, Stuart F.
If in any concern, coding system is not adopted naturally, there will be the problem of locating the items whenever, they are required by the concerned department. Basically, objectives of material management are classified into primary and secondary objectives. Decimal Codification: Under this system of codification, within the range often numerals 0-9, some significance is attached to every digit in the code. Inventory at different levels is required to confirm about the availability of all these types of materials and goods and their proper flow from one facility to another at different levels of production centres in a manufacturing concern. Common colour codes for metals are as follows Table 14. The logic of major grouping is based on sources of supply.
If a new material is added, the next higher number in sequence will be assigned for the same. Measuring Tools: These types of tools are the devices for checking the conformance of work to standards. History of Materials Management: Materials management became a vital function of management and the department of materials management was started at the time of World War I in the United States of America. The Kardex or Visidex system or mechanized purchased card system or electronic computer can be operated only after the store items are suitably codified. At present, it is a vital activity of management in production. The purchasing office procures requisitioned items by placing orders with vendors and by following up deliveries.
It is amazing to find that in many of our large public and private sector corporations, a considerable amount of inventory lies in the stores or elsewhere because of a confused nomenclature and a lack of proper identification system. Since then, the materials management was considered as a vital function of the management. Also the material requirement in agreement with sales programme are assessed. The standard dimensions like the inspection, quality control, simplification, specification, and standardization must be considered for the measurement of quality of the materials. Stores-record clerks in the planning office make out materials requisitions allocate materials for production orders and make appropriate entries on perpetual inventory records.
If in any concern, coding system is not adopted naturally, there will be the problem of locating the items whenever, they are required by the concerned department. For example, materials may be classified as raw materials, consumable stores, components, spares and tools. All you need to do is just click on the download link and get it. Procedure for Tooling and Retooling : Tooling means the planning and acquisition of tools. It is also not easy to evolve a combination of letters to give a mnemonic meaning in which case alphabets have to be used without attaching any particular meaning. Management Information System and feedback control at every stage of working must be implemented to control and make the management and employee work as efficiently as possible to achieve the best results.