Now Athens was not entirely defenseless; while they were a civilization of scholars and great knowledge, Athens had a militia, a type of mediocre army that were not soldiers by profession. Males between the age of 20 and 50 were required to serve in the army for one year. While the Spartans had no militaristic intentions of conquest, they did lend military aid to their neighbors when needed, and were viewed as some of the greatest warriors in the region. Exercise 3: Travel Brochures or Real Estate Ads After reading the information about Sparta and Athens, and looking at the chart above, prepare a poster or travel brochure or real estate ad extolling your city-state choose between Sparta and Athens. Moreover, in Spartan society, newborn babies of both genders were inspected. Social Structure Freemen were all male citizens: divided into numerous classes: at the top were aristocrats who had large estates and made up the cavalry or captained triremes; middle ranks were small farmers; lowest class was the thetes urban craftsmen and trireme rowers. Athens had something the other poleis did not, which was its harbor, allowing it to trade with the other city-states located on the water and other nations in the Aegean Sea easily.
Indeed educated women are compared to a poisonous snakes. The center of Spartan life was the military and the polis. Without getting into a fight about the dating and nationality of the sources alleging institutionalized pederasty to Spartan society, one indisputable fact is that modern psychology shows that abused boys grow up to despise women. Metics - those who came from outside the city; they were not allowed to own land, but could run industries and businesses. Allies Which was the leader of the Delian League? Still changes from the Persian wars would change the powers of the city-state and somewhat unite them. Cultural achievements and legacy Art, architecture, drama and literature, philosophy, science, medicine, etc. This led to the Peloponnesian Wars, and the eventual defeat of the Athenian ambitions.
Oddly enough, it was the Spartans, who tended to keep to their own lands and had no ambitions for conquest, that eventually put a stop to the attempt by Athens to control the region. Adaptation for older students: Older students may focus their research on the role of the slaves in Athenian society and the Helots in Sparta and conclude by writing an essay that compares the two. Originally ruled by a king, it was like many of the other city-states surrounding it, but the power of the king receded to that of a council below him, composed of nobles, called the Areopagus. While Athens relied on trading, Sparta's economy depended on mainly farming. I draw a large Venn Diagram onto the white board and have students draw their own onto a sheet of a paper. Such as, when a baby was born, Spartan soldiers came to see if the baby was healthy.
In Sparta, marriage was reserved for those above the age of sixteen, which is an important factor to how physically superior their civilization was. Spartan children were taught to respect elderly, women, and warriors. Athens was a democracy, where the citizens controlled the government as they saw fit, and punishments for crime often ended in imprisonment or civil action. The boys are described as learning virtually nothing, running around virtually naked, stealing to eat, fighting constantly with their peers, but intimidated and abjectly obedient to their elders. For more on this see: In conclusion, the most significant fact about the agoge is that all citizens were required to attend and pay fees to support it.
The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. Sparta was the largest military power of all the ancient Greek city-states. This prompting is directed around the articles to start. Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. Government democracy, trial by jury Military supremacy and simple lifestyle are the major inspiration behind the philosopher Plato's book 'The Republic' - the first attempt to formulate an 'ideal' community.
The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. Yet discontent spread over the commoners. Then have the students determine their choice and give reasons. I model this using California and Arizona. Athens, located in the Attica region, had a Mediterranean climate with adequate amounts of precipitation. This exercise encourages students to compare and contrast Athens and Sparta. These two city-states, Sparta and Athens have unique formations of government, histories, goals, as well as societies.
They worshiped their gods and respected people. However, students should be able to analyze the advantages and disadvantages from the differing social roles. This was exhibited in the way the people of Sparta lived, where males were expected to receive military training starting at a young age. The Persian war brought massive change to the people of both Sparta and Athens. In Ancient Greece, these societies were called city-states or Polis. Since the helots greatly outnumbered their rulers, Spartans established a strict and brutal system of control.
It is alleged that that boys were taken from their homes at age seven and never again had anything to do with their parents. Creighton, 1 The political system in Athens drastically contrasted the Spartans'. Once the groups have read and have made notes, they will be ready to present. Encourage students to be creative in their storytelling! Famous for its educational possibilities, its philosophers, and its libraries, Athens definitely sought after education over military might. If one should ask whether this struggle is gruesome, then the only answer could be—for the weak, yes, for humanity as a whole, no.
At one point in time, Athens and Sparta were the most powerful civilizations… 1211 Words 5 Pages Athens Vs. Due to soil and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta. Exercise One: students will be assessed as to the completion of the blank chart according to correct answers as presented in the filled-in chart and various Web page links. Some women held high posts in the ritual events and religious life of Athens where the goddess Athena was the patron. The Persians were great conquerors who crushed rebel cities with ease. Education Which valued choral dance and music? Sparta, descendants of the Dorians, were a very war-like city-state.
Tell about its advantages to the prospective visitors or potential home owners. Athens was more of an education basedcountry, and they would spend long days studying philosophy andmathematics. Which was the leader of the Peloponnesian League? Context: Free elections are the hallmark of any democracy. Athenian women, like most of the women in other Greek city-states, were considered to be useful only for child-bearing and domestic jobs. The rise of another tyrant, Peisistratus, led to more reform that was focused on cultural improvements. The two most famous, powerful and influential city-states of that period were Athens and Sparta. Just a few miles from the robust civilization of Sparta laid the bustling trade center of Athens.