Over time, the royal family left government positions, leaving the nobles to fill them. Records of how people lived and how society was governed and conducted are often matters of deduction rather than of knowledge. The rural middle class was historically supportive of Mubarak's leadership; however as younger generations moved to the cities, the influence of the rural middle class dwindled. Thank you for joining me on this little tour of Egypt's social pyramid. These are just the major categories and as you go down there are more, just like a pyramid! Under that were … farmers andherders, the people in charge of growing the food and raising thelivestock. Skilled handwork does not appear to have enjoyed an open market. There were serfs in Ancient Egypt but they were attached to the land at their own homes and could not be sold.
These new policies, known as infitah opening or open door , helped consolidate the class structure. However it was not a rigid structure as people could move up in status. © Tim Dawson - Relief depicting soldiers at The Middle Class: Craftsmen and Merchants The middle class consisted of craftsmen, merchants and other skilled workers such as doctors. If he fought well, the pharaoh would give him some of the enemy's goods and cattle. Each city had its prefect, a sort of mayor whose business it was to provide what was necessary for the civic needs of the inhabitants. The group, which included people such as Gamal Abdul Nasser former president of Egypt , Anwar as Sadat also former president of Egypt , and Husni Mubarak current president of Egypt , played an instrumental role in carrying out the 1952 Revolution. Nobles also owned farm land which the peasant class worked for them.
This resentment was particularly strong among military officers because their middle-class origins impeded their advancement to the top decision-making ranks. Soldiers fight for Egypt and supervise building projects. We have to learn more than 700 of those, and we practice writing them over and over again until we can do it perfectly. The miners played an essential role in the economy as they dug up the minerals for export. If anyone needed a letter or a legal document written or read out ot them, they had to go to the nearest scribe. The bureaucracy organised the collection of taxes, supervised building and irrigation activities, welcomed foreign ambassadors and appointed various officials.
Social Classes are classes of people in for example work. There was, however, a curious form of slavery in Ancient Egypt. The next level down contained the scribes, craftsmen, artisans, and traders. It is probably due to this factor, to the mutual aid and support which all members of a family feel bound to extend to each other, that the social problems of modern Egypt are less acute than in many other countries. This class included bronze and jade workers, potters, and stonemasons.
A group called the Free Officers came to power in 1952. Reading and writing Before the New Kingdom era, your status was dictated by that of your father and ancestors. Although the empire did bring some social change, much stayed the same. You've probably heard of some of our most famous Pharaohs, like Khufu, who built the Great Pyramid at Giza, Ramses the Great, and Tutankhamen better known as King Tut. Slavery became a major part of the ancient Egyptian community and they were forced to do whatever labor that was needed by the nobles and the pharaoh. They could get booty from battles and the pharaoh might reward them with land for their service.
An artifact like the Narmer palette not only shows us that the ancient Egyptians had great artistic ability, but it has provided Egyptologist to carefully examine what this palette represents. The upper classes consisted of the royal family, absentee landlords, professionals, and business people merchants, financiers, and a few industrialists. During the dynasty people mostly traded gods. Priests keep the gods happy by performing religious rites in Egypt's many temples. Lesson Summary Let's take a moment to review. Artists and other skilled craftsmen Artists were important figures in Ancient Egyptian society. Farmers lived in small, mud-brick houses and could rent land in exchange for a percentage of the crops from nobles or the Pharaoh.
Most craftsmen were attached in a more or less permanent capacity to the establishments of nobles or high officials. The amenities of an advanced civiIisation are available; social restrictions which might limit their enjoyment are rapidly dying out; while the Egyptian tradition of courtesy and hospitality adds, to the social life of the present day, a grace and a charm of its own. The Pharaoh The role of the king or pharaoh was to lead Egyptian society, to be in charge of the army, to run the economy, to be the chief priest and to act as the government of the country. Perhaps the greatest change was a new conception of family ties. Pharaoh, or the nobles they worked for, provided them with food and clothing. But by the Eighteenth Dynasty we find at Amarna that most of the houses stood in their own grounds and consisted of about a dozen rooms. This has given Egyptologist the idea that this palette was a documentary of a victory.
© Maia C - Relief of an Ancient Egypt nobleman Scribes and Soldiers Scribes, part of the third level of the pyramid, were some of the only people in Egypt who could read and write. They are of considerable importance in Egyptian society. The next class down was the Upper Middle Class, consisting of people who did still have an overall impact on community. We are apt to look upon clubs and guilds as modern institutions. We scribes write down important events and history; draw up contracts; maintain census records; figure out tax rates; document court cases; and monitor the food supply. The chief treasurer supervises Egypt's wealth and is in charge of collecting taxes, which are nearly always paid in grain, animals, or cloth rather than money. Craftsmen and artisans were strictly prohibited from changing over from one trade to another.
Serfdom, which continued for many centuries, was a comparatively mild form of subjection and it does not appear to have weighed very heavily on the people. Yet things were beginning to change. Typologies could be used on the pottery to help Egyptologist determine what time any changes that had occurred in the social structure of Ancient Egypt. A career in the army was the only way an uneducated man could improve his family's place in society. In case of drought and famine, this was the grain that would be used to feed everyone. The pharaoh was also in charge of the armies and any laws that were decided upon were the responsibility of the pharaoh. The people expected the pharaoh to keep the gods happy so the Nile would flood and there would be a good harvest.