It brought ultrasound and amniocentesis under its ambit. Some of the other reasons are the belief that it is only the son who can perform the last rites, lineage and inheritance runs through the male line, sons will look after parents in old age, men are bread winners etc. For this article, we conducted a spatial study at different levels in South India so as to map the abnormalities of the juvenile sex ratios; they show significant variations in discriminatory behaviours, particularly in Tamil Nadu. If yes then please give a good rating and leave a comment down below to help us to reach more people. Keeping with the technologically advanced times, advertisements of sex-selection and detection through the internet and other modes of interaction were also banned and successful convictions made on the ground. Rape and sexual harassment is also grave cause of female foeticide.
Significant deviations in birth sex ratios from the normal range can only be explained by manipulation, that is sex-selective abortion. Female Foeticide and infanticide is the stigma to the society. The government is also supporting implementation of programs and initiatives that seek to reduce gender discrimination, including media campaign to address the underlying social causes of sex selection. Although there was a central act regulating and preventing the misuse of pre-natal diagnostic techniques the menace of female foeticide continued. The majority of men do not find any benefit from these goods and are less likely to invest in them. The limited implementation of the Act was met with resistance from the public expressed through law suits challenging the constitutionality of the Act.
In this article, we will be discussing the laws which have been made by the government from time to time to stop female foeticide. They move from an already low number of females due to social reasons to even fewer daughters than before due to the added financial liability of daughters being more expensive. A girl means accumulation of sufficient resourses for the dowry the parent have to give away, when the girls get married. Such marriages are not sustainable because of cultural differences and results into instances of physical, mental and sexual abuse of the bride. Female infanticide in most places has been replaced by female foeticide.
Experience has shown that in general the role of legislation is subverting a social practice is limited. So do not make it an issue. This information will also help you with paragraph writing too. Many scholars believe that female foeticide takes place because of the preference of a male child. According to the decennial Indian census, the in the 0 to 6 age group in India has risen from 102.
This mobile team offered a package deal to the clients. Marriage is also considered as a process where by the burden of the father is passed on to the husband for a very high price. A study in Haryana found that the sex ratio at birth for upper caste women was 127 males for 100 females, compared with 102 with lower caste women. Hence there needs to be quick reformation in the attitude of people to look beyond the legacy and transform this world as a better place to live in. The central Supervisory board, State Governments under the administrations.
Dumping in garbage bins 4. For continuance of ones property and gene the need of an heir, a son becomes necessary. Female foeticide or sex selective abortion is the elimination of the female foetus in the womb itself. Sen estimated 'missing women' from extra women who would have survived in Asia if it had the same ratio of women to men as Europe and United States. For example, the state of Delhi adopted a pro-girl policy initiative locally called Laadli scheme , which initial data suggests may be lowering the birth sex ratio in the state.
Since 1991, 80% of districts in India have recorded a declining sex ratio with the state of Punjab being the worst. Why is sex ratio important? Goals include ending female feticide, reducing gender disparity, and giving girls better access to resources Devirupak 2002 Haryana Cash transfer to couple accepting terminal method of family planning vasectomy, tubectomy after birth of 1st or 2nd child Delhi Ladli Scheme 2008 Delhi Cash transfer based on educational attainment for first 2 daughters Apni Beti Apna Dhan 1994 Haryana Cash transfer if daughter reaches the age of 18 without being married Girl Child Protection Scheme 2005 Andhra Pradesh Cash transfer based on age and educational attainment. This article has been rated as Start-Class on the project's. It has to be borne in the mind that she has also the equal role in the society i. In India, it is considered that having a daughter is a great financial burden. Women are generally considered as weaker sex and their security has always been a concern for family. The Indian Constitution has recognized the right to life under Article 21 as also recognized in several cases.
There is a central supervisory board, appropriate authorities and advisory committees. In such an environment it is very difficult to enforce a law which sought to control information that travels through informal channels and can operate secretly. We need to understand the importance of a female. Once the sex of the foetus is determined, if it is a female foetus, it is aborted. Section 314 Death caused by act done with intent to cause miscarriage Whoever, with intent to cause the miscarriage of a woman with child, does any act which causes the death of such woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine; Section 315 Act done with intent to prevent child being born alive or to cause it to die after birth Whoever before the birth of any child does any act with the intention of thereby preventing that child from being born alive or causing it to die after its birth, and does by such act prevent that child from being born alive, or causes it to die after its birth, shall, if such act be not caused in good faith for the purpose of saving the life of the mother, be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, or with fine, or with both.
But the government had not considered the possibility of female foeticide based on technological advances. This paper tries to focus on the rationale behind the foeticide, and the consequences of this phenomenon on the Indian society. Dilatation and curettage Dilatation and evacuation? Increased cases of rapes and sexual harassment leads to economic disempowerment of women and which further results into them being disfavored by parents. Despite rulings given by the Supreme Court and various High Courts to make the existing law an impediment, the courts have shown their hesitancy in sending the offenders off to jail. The New York Review of Books. The reasons ranging from dowry to male child preference to gender discrimination altogether contribute to the barbaric practice of female foeticide in India.
Whether Female Foeticide is Justied or not? Who are the authorities responsible for ensuring safety to these new born and yet to be born? Son preference has become daughter hatred in India in the recent decades due to the widespread legitimization of this form of violence against women. Hypothetically, if males and females are identical, then there should be no difference in mortality rates and no gender gap. To conclude, the author feels coordinated action plan that uses all the above discussed methodologies; financial, social and legal; is the best way to ensure that India becomes a safe harbour for the girl child and this deplorable social exigency remains only a distant sad memory forever. However, feticide will not include a miscarriage of pregnancy. Active monitoring of birth ratios.