About this Item: Routledge, 1999. After his defeat at Orleans, Bedford reported to the English crown that his men had been bewitched by a satanic agent in the form of a woman dressed as a man. The latter example is well known from , but can also be found in 's , and the trick is even attributed to as far back as. Several other treatises that have never been translated apart from Gerson's tract are likely to hold surprises for us as well. Due to such widely differing interpretations of her life and its meaning, many interpretations of the implications of her adoption of male clothing and lifestyle have been debated. Questions such as these have kept the talk of Joan of Arc going for nearly six hundred years now.
Read about for some powerful new tools. Joan of Arc's testimony in her own defense revealed how deeply her transvestism was rooted in her identity. This volume of original essays employs the latest tools of historical analysis, literary criticism, and feminist inquiry to reval why Joan of Arc was such an important figure. Jeanne Au Cinema Kevin J. Similarly, in one of the concluding essays, Kevin J. She could thereby transcend her sex.
May show signs of minor shelf wear and contain limited notes and highlighting. Even disobedience to her higher command seems to have invited loyalty; she brought action and victory, while the older, noble generals achieved nothing but inaction and defeat. About this Item: Routledge, 1999. Want to get more out of the basic search box? Joan accompanied an army during the Hundred Years War, adopting the clothing of a soldier, which ultimately provided a pretense for her conviction and execution. Church leaders worried about lesbian sex; women expressed, practiced, and were sometimes imprisoned or even executed for same-sex love; and some women cross-dressed in order to live with other women as married couples.
As always, myth and reality interact, and several medieval women took these saints as their models. Of special note was the loyalty given to her by her soldiers, who were among the most skilled in France. In court, on campaigns, in church, and in the street she cross-dressed, and she refused to stop doing so during the long months of her trial for heresy. Discourses of sexuality such as fine amor and mystical marriage with God may be less visible now than penitential doctrine, but their effects on subjectivity deserve the greater efforts of recovery. Or is the church wrong in dismissing them? Rumors of a woman leading an opposing army was historically used to incite troops against the obvious heresy, sorcery, and immorality.
A virgin, who is at the same time a mother, personifies the Virgin Mary. On February 15, 1450, Charles dispatched a letter ordering the creation of a Royal Commission to reexamine the Condemnation trial, under the leadership of Guillaume d'Estouteville, Charles's cousin. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies: 297—314. In the years following, however, political power in France permanently reverted to the pro-French Armagnac party of Joan's supporters. This evocation of the image of the Madonna, as incarnation of feminine purity on the one hand and of the perfect maternal figure on the other, bestows on Joan the attribute of a miraculous personality.
. True Lies: Transvestism and Idolatry in the Trial of Joan of Arc Susan Schibanoff 5. Joan of Arc's testimony in her own defense revealed how deeply her transvestism was rooted in her identity. Or does it matter, really, who it was that Joan was listening to if, in fact, she was listening to someone and not just the creation of her imagination? On the other side of the English channel, the situation was largely reversed. Virgin-mother Another startling metaphor from de Pizan is noted by Christine McWebb, a professor of French studies at the University of Waterloo in Canada, in her essay focusing on the writer.
However, while she may have been aware of the context, she knew that her transvestism, while potentially acceptable to a degree, still carried social risks. A saint especially popular among the common people in Europe from the eleventh century on. A 200-item bibliography completes the volume. Whether her and lifestyle have implications for her or is debated. From United Kingdom to U. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. Individuals testifying during the trial stressed the necessity of her dress, both for means of keeping order in her troops in battle and for protecting her chastity.
In the verbatim proceedings of her interrogation, however, the court records show that Joan's judges found her transvestism repugnant and demanded that she wear women's clothing. Joan of Arc's Mission and the Lost Record of her Interrogation at Poitiers Charles T. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies: 298. While she is an authority on the subject of Joan, this book is not a showcase of her expertise. Brand new book, sourced directly from publisher.
Book will be sent in robust, secure packaging to ensure it reaches you securely. She was a princess who refused to be married to the heathen King of , and prayed to God to be saved from this fate. This volume of original essays employs the latest tools of historical analysis, literary criticism, and feminist inquiry to reval why Joan of Arc was such an important figure. Advanced Searching Our tool lets you easily search multiple fields at the same time and combine terms in complex ways. The only known case of accepted female gender inversion in Medieval Europe comes from the , and extends back as far as the 15th century, as noted by a mention in the. Beginning with an introduction that examines the portrayal of the characters of Lancelot and Guinevere from their origins to the present day, this collection of 16 essays-five of which appear here for the first time-puts particular emphasis on the appearance of the two characters in medieval and modern literature. Margaret, the figures with whom Joan eventually identifies her voices, as apocryphal and its removal of these saints from the calendar.
These viewpoints tended to extend to her trials : first the Condemnation trial in the hands of the English, and later the rehabilitation trial under a commission appointed by Pope and organized by. She writes about medieval literature and culture, is series editor of The New Middle Ages, and also edits the journal Arthuriana. Transgender Warriors: Making History From Joan of Arc to Rupaul. Thecla's story was very popular and widespread, with depictions of her and dedications ranging from to. During and immediately following her life, perspectives on Joan varied widely, often although not always along factional lines. Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies: 297.