See also Oedipus complex, psychological criticism. Unlike in the phallic stage, a person now has a fully-developed ego and superego, and is therefore able to balance the desire for instant gratification with the need to conform to social and ethical norms. So, the Ego's main job is to keep the Id happy, but it often meets with obstacles along the way. Failure to resolve the Oedipus complex may result in fixation and development of a personality that might be described as vain and overly ambitious. This is the Stage of adult sexual relationships, when sexual energies again focus on the genital organs—the penis and the vagina.
In this stage, children begin exploring their own bodies. If fixation occurs at this stage it will lead to frigidity, impotence and unsatisfactory relationships. Parts of ou personalities are shaped at each stage by the particular ways we resolve the conflict If, for example, at the oral stage, a person did not receive enough gratification wa weaned early or received too much gratification was weaned too late , then he o she might continue to have inappropriate demands for oral gratification throughou the rest of his or her life perhaps in the form of being a dependent personality or developing an or developing an alcohol or drug problem. As you can imagine, this has come under quite a bit of criticism in recent years, and is largely responsible for the discrediting of Freud's ideas. Based on Sigmund Freud's theory, parenting becomes irrelevant after age 5 since everything that matters has already happened. Frustration, Overindulgence, and Fixation Some people do not seem to be able to leave one stage and proceed on to the next.
Freud Claimed that Our Unconscious Is the Source of all our Motivations In other words, we are driven by the forces that we aren't even aware of. According to Freud, out of fear of castration and due to the strong competition of his father, boys eventually decide to identify with him rather than fight him. And mediating between the two is the poor Ego. From a psychological perspective, the conflict is one of excessive pleasure versus dependenc , with the fear of being left to fend for oneself. From a biological stand point, the id wants the immediate gratification associated with taking in nourishmen and obtaining pleasure through the mouth. Mostly these people are extremely dependent and passive people who want everything done for them.
These are called psychosexual stages because each stage represents the fixation of libido roughly translated as sexual drives or instincts on a different area of the body. Anal Stage: 18 months - 3. This is called , and it is the counterpart of castration anxiety. An oral-aggressive adult will be pessimistic, hostile, aggressive, and argumentative. This is the part that develops from rewards and positive outcomes or influences.
The latency period ends with the sexual awakening brought about by puberty. But killing or beating Daddy is wrong. The main focus at this stage is the genitals. The must be controlled in order to satisfy social demands; this sets up a conflict between frustrated wishes and social norms. The Oral Stage Birth - 18 Months - Libido Challenge, Fixation: Weaning In this stage, pleasure is focused around the mouth lips, tongue, cheeks and the infant enjoys actions such as sucking, biting, or swallowing.
As a person grows physically certain areas of their body become important as sources of potential frustration erogenous zones , pleasure or both. Latency lasts from about six years old until puberty. If fixation were to occur and there was no weaning the infant off of the oral stage, then Freud believed the child would grow up to have dependency and aggression issues and result in drinking or smoking problems. The nature of the conflicts and the stages we go throug are universal, but the specific instances and outcomes are each unique. Unlike the many of the earlier stages of development, Freud believed that the ego and superego were fully formed and functioning at this point.
The Father of Attachment Theory. On the opposite end of the spectrum, they may become messy and disorganized anal expulsive. This process of wanting to become like Daddy, called identification marks the beginning of the resolution of the Oedipal conflict and the successful resolution of the phallic stage of psychosexual devel opment for boys. The girl then represses her feelings to remove the tension and identifies with the mother to take on the female gender role. Parents typically discourage a child from biting, particularly if the child bites other children or adults. During this time, boys also develop a fear that their father will punish them for these feelings, such as by castrating them.
The self-centered pleasure-seeking child of earlier stages gives way to a more mature form of satisfaction. How and why are we different from other people? When the genitals are stimulated, they provide a pleasurable feeling. The boy from birth has strong incestuous love for his mother. The conflict of the anal stage is toilet training and Freud felt that it was extremely important to personality development. Our parents and the constraints of reality do.
Our personality is the result of our efforts to balance these two competing forces. In describing human personality development as psychosexual Freud meant to convey that what develops is the way in which sexual energy accumulates and is discharged as we mature biologically. In Greek mythology, Oedipus killed his father and married his mother, unamlre Of their true identities. At the same time, this phase is to be distinguished from the full post-pubertal genital organization in one essential respect: the child recognizes and sets store by a single genital organ —the male one. But the greater the difficulty encountered at any particular point, the greater the need for troops to remain behind to fight and thus the fewer that will be able to go on to the next confrontation. Freud believed that this behavior led to an Anal-Retentive personality. According to Freud, we all use ego defense mechanisms.