Sir Geogrge Barlow 1805 to 1807 6. This system, called Suttee, i. Punjab was placed under a Chief Commissioner and its administration was handed over to experienced and efficient officers like John Lawrence, Herbert Lawrence, Richard Temple, Nicholson etc. Lord Ellenborough 1842—44 : Brought an end to the Afghan War. Auckland did not think it worth-while to persuade a friendly Ranjit Singh to return Peshwar to Dost Mohammad. His aim was to conquer the misls on the eastern bank of the Sutlej as well, and to weld the Sikhs into a nation and to instil in them a sense of Sikh nationalism. Following is the list of Governor Generals and Viceroys of India.
Under this act, High Courts were opened in 1865. They remained in power for about 2 years till October 1939, when they gave offices on the issue of India having been dragged into the 2 World War. Lord Dalhousie financed the institution from his own pocket till 1856 when it was taken over by the government, and became the first institution in India dedicated to female education. Lord Dalhousie stopped the pension of the rulers of Tanjore and Carnatic and thereby threw into the four winds the solemn promise of the British government. In 1856 Lord Dalhousie annexed Oudh on the ground of maladministration. Communal Award started by British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald.
Meanwhile the British troops at Jalalabad had been kept encircled by the Afghans. Government of India Act of 1935 passed and Poona Pact was signed during his tenure. The harbors of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta were also developed. Established Mayo College at Ajmer. Many parts of India were governed by the East India Company, which was supposed to be agents of the. But he sought to strike a bargain through his friendship with the English, namely, to recover Peshwar from Ranjit Singh of Punjab who had conquered it from Persia.
In the next article we will learn about Viceroys of India. Now we will see the Governor General of India list and important events. The Burmese were habitually anti-British and when they began to show their anti-British attitude openly, the British Resident was ordered to leave Burma in 1840. Lord Hardinge 1910-1916 Partition of Bengal was cancelled and capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911. But Sher Singh joined hands with Mulraj and began to fight against the British. In order to save the misls on the eastern bank of the Sutlej, their chiefs appealed to the English.
Bentinck served under Duke of Wellington in the war against Napoleon. This had also enhanced his territory, power and prestige. A substitute was appointed in his place and was sent by the British Resident at Lahore with an army escort under the leadership of two British officers Vans Agnew and Anderson. A separate public works department was set up for the first time Started work on the Grand Trunk Road and developed the harbours of Karachi, Bombay and Calcutta. He abolished the system of slavery and prohibited raising of funds for improvement of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay through lottery. When the Sepoys of Vellore rose in a mutiny due to certain orders of general Sir John Cradock, with the consent of Lord Bentinck, compelling the Sepoys to wear a particular dress, to shave off beard, etc.
Sir John Lawrence 1864—69 : Telegraphic communication was opened with Europe; High Courts were established at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras in 1865 Expanded canal works and railways; Bhutan War 1865. The created the office of in 1858 to oversee the affairs of India, which was advised by a new Council of India with 15 members based in London. But there was no lack of willingness on his part to undertake beneficent reform measures. How the Governor Generals and Viceroys were involved in India?. Sir John Lawrence 1864 — 1869 : He opened telegraphic communication between India and ; He also expanded railways canal works in India.
Indian Independence Act passed in the British Parliament and India got independence in 15th August 1947. As a result of all these means Bentinck converted the deficit of ten lacs annually into fifteen lacs surplus. But neither as a soldier nor as a strategist he could make any mark. The term of office typically runs for three years. Lord Curzon 1899-1905 Partition of Bengal 1905 into two provinces- Bengal and East Bengal was done during his time. He was succeeded by C.
On his report Governor-General Lord William Bentinck entered into a treaty of friendship with the Amir of Hyderabad Sind according to the terms of which the British merchants were allowed to carry on trade with Sind both by land and water routes. Through this Policy many regions were annexed. He was an old man with a iron hand in Indian independence movement. The Second Mysore War was ended by the treaty of Mangalore. The highway robbers, the Thugees, had been a terrible menace to the merchants and -wayfarers ever since the days of the Mughals. He passed the local Self-Government Act, Land Revenue Policy resolution in 1882.
It has also to be pointed out that Amir Dost Mohammad did nothing that even smacked of enmity towards the British. Lord Lawrence 1864-1869 High Court was established at Calcutta, Bombay, Madras in 1865. He started electric telegraph serviced from Calcutta to Agra. Lord Dalhousie had to enter into the Second Sikh War. Proposed the plan of Statutory Civil Service in 1878-79 and lowered the maximum age limit from 21 to 19 years, the 2nd Afghan war proved a failure Viceroy of reverse characters.