Because the Africans lived in small communities spread out over relatively large areas, they could minimize the transmission of diseases such as Malaria when outbreaks occurred. Guns, Germs, and Steel Book Review The book Guns, Germs, and Steel features the work of the author Jared Diamond. New Guinea agriculture was not productive enough to generate food surpluses. Animals and crops also provide warmth and tools. Had they not lived adjacent to land masses that could support their crops and animals, they may have died out.
Yali is one of the few individuals mentioned in the novel. In real life Diamond is a polymath with many eclectic interests, perhaps explaining why he feels comfortable synthesizing many different fields of knowledge; many other people in those fields would feel uncomfortable making big, ambitious claims of the kind that Diamond routinely makes. Diamond wonders how the Europeans could have so much power and advanced technology while the rest of the world was hunting and gathering. Diamond's aim is to answer Yali's question: Why is that white people have developed materials and technology and brought it to New Guinea, but the black people have little of their own? His journey began in the forests of Papua New Guinea. The weak Inca Military was no match for the Spanish guns and artillery. By putting so many people together in areas where diseases like Malaria are easily spread, the native populations have lost the immunity they once had to these diseases. Within a few days, large blisters begin to appear all over the victim's skin.
Our destiny depends on geography and access to: Guns, Germs, and Steel. New Guinea's geography didn't have as many advantages as other civilizations. Their main source of food was the Sago tree; this only provided about 70 pounds of food and did not provide the nutrients needed to survive. The spread of animals and crops spread to North Africa and Europe triggered an explosion of civilization. From the Battle of Cajamarca, Pizzaro came back to Charles I saying that Europe had the power to conquer the Americas.
Take time to read over the questions before viewing Guns, Germs and Steel: Episode Three. The biggest ransom anyone had ever asked for, a room from floor to ceiling full of gold. With more people you need more control over things for decisions which goes with political organization 6. On the contrary, agriculture is just the most efficient way to extract food for certain times and places in the world—just as hunting and gathering has been the most efficient way in other places and at other times. Why, then, do some societies flourish while others do not? The natural resources are just enough for them to get by. The result is an exciting and absorbing account of human history since the Pleistocene age, which culminates in a sketch of a future scientific basis for studying the history of humans that will command the same intellectual respect as current scientific studies of the history of other natural phenomena such as dinosaurs, nebulas and glaciers.
Here are some possible discussion questions you can use in your classroom. Diamond explains this in many ways. Availability of more consumable calories means more people equals strength of numbers. Diseases like smallpox, infuenza and measles were in fact the deadly inheritance of the Eurasian farming tradition - the product of thousands of years spent farming cattle, pigs, horses, goats and sheep. Why did the Europeans conquer the Native Americans, Diamond asks, and not the other way around? One could also misinterpret Diamond to be arguing that hunter-gatherer culture for example, Native Americans and aborigines is inferior to agricultural or industrial civilization the civilizations that conquered the Native Americans and the aborigines. The industrial revolution, which was occuring at the time, also lead to bigger and better firepower. Yali was a smart, charismatic man, and he was very interested in the expansion of the western world into his own country.
This was back thirteen thousand years ago after the first ice age when people where still basing their living off of hunting and gathering. Therefore, It's not because Europeans were smarter that they prospered but as a result of their natural resources. Students will need to understand the words epidemic and endemic. In fact, it relates closely to modern politics and practical, contemporary concerns. If we say that the Europeans dominate or rule over Yali's people due to various reasons, basically aren't we saying that it is right for them to rule them? The fact that the Fertile Crescent shared the same latitude with Europe and Asia allowed them to move their crops and animals to these areas and continue to thrive. Then Pizarro was able to capture Atahualpa, hitting the Incas right in the heart. According to the author, how does racism affect the argument? Animals were used to make clothing List 4 of the animals that have been domesticated a.
Population density affected economies because the more people there are the more things you need such as food. By understanding their environment and realizing the burdens that their geography and certain germs could cause, these governments planned and executed measures to eliminate diseases like Malaria. Over time, the land could no longer support them. Diamond will often rely on case studies—that is, individual, somewhat isolated, examples—before generalizing his findings to all of human history the fourth part of the book is made up almost entirely of case studies of specific regions. In Chapter 12, Diamond discusses the evolution and spread of writing throughout the world.
In addition to the Battle of Cajamarca, the Spaniards did not know that they held a virus that they were immune to, smallpox. Diamond seeks to understand why certain societies developed and grow to dominate other societies that are more stagnant. In addition, animals were important to farming because they could eat the stubble from the fields and provide the fields with fertilizer at the same time. Modern Zambia is now shaped by this colonization. Chapter 14 If you lived in major food producing society you were probably in a state because food-producing societies can support the people needed to run a government.
The temperature and the climate in the South African cape is nearly the same as what the Europeans had at home. People hunted by tracking their prey and used bow and arrows. From here the virus travels to the lungs, where it multiplies and spreads to the lymphatic system. Domination within parts of the countries relate with his question and with the advancements in each country determine how much power they have. Part I studies the history of human evolution. With more people you need more control over things for decisions which goes with political organization 6. This requires mentioning race, intelligence, and development of technology.
These epidemic Eurasian diseases f ourished in dense communities and tend to explode in sudden, overwhelming epidemics of infection and death. Why are things invented in some places and not others? In other words, it shows how certain physical features of Eurasia conferred important advantages that can explain Eurasia's more rapid development of technology, both the spread of and resistance to infectious diseases, and complex political organizations. In the 16th century, livestock animals that came from the Fertile Crescent dominated European farms. In Chapter 11, Jared Diamond explains the relationship between domesticated animals and its connection to the evolution of germs. Chapter 3 In chapter 3 Jared Diamond discusses one of the most controversial battles that shifted the new world to what we know today, the Battle of Cajamarca. There were very little resources during this time, and the hunting and. Humans without these antibodies are susceptible to getting sick which is why foreigners bringing strange diseases into the new world had such a profound effect on the native population.