Family is the oldest institution on earth, and it plays a vital role in human society. Peer groups also, many times, promote the idea of independence from the thought process of the family. These government dictates mark the points at which we require socialization into a new category. My older brother and sister gave me the courage to push forward and aim for the best that I could accomplish no matter what. Another agent of socialization that relates to school is our peer group. The children learn how to manage expectations, regulations, bureaucracy, and sitting still for several hours.
In addition, children also get their social identity from their family. These aspects have been shown to influence an individual's preferences in popular culture. There are four main agents of socialisation: family, school, peers, and mass media. Unlike the agents we've already discussed - family and school - peer groups give us an opportunity as children to form relationships with others on our own terms, plus learn things without the direction of an adult. Music falls under mass media.
How do we come to adopt the beliefs, values, and norms that represent its nonmaterial culture? It trains the younger generation in such a way that it can take the adult roles in a proper manner. It permits imitation and role playing but does not encourage more complex forms of learning. Sociologists, social psychologists, anthropologists, as well as educationists and politicians, use the word 'socialization' to refer to a process through which people inherit the norms and ideologies of the social order in which they live. Also, school is technically the institution wherein a child is first exposed to a hierarchical bureaucratic setup under which everything takes place within a set framework of rules and regulations. Parents are considered role models within the family and therefore have a great bearing on our gender role.
Just as the children spend a significant part of day at their school, the adults spend much of their day at their workplace. The media plays again a big roll to promote teaching, norms, and blessings of religion. In my paper I will be discussing the important factors of socialization and what we perceive to be a turning point in our children lives. Family There is no better way to start than to talk about the role of family in our social development, as family is usually considered to be the most important agent of socialization. So in addition to teaching about different subjects like science and math, or the standard reading, writing and arithmetic, schools teach life skills. Peer groups help people develop a sense of worth and are important in defining our personalities.
Other types of change are less obvious. In my paper I will be discussing the important factors of socialization and what we perceive to be a turning point in our children lives. For example, poor families usually emphasize obedience and conformity when raising their children, while wealthy families emphasize judgment and creativity National Opinion Research Center 2008. Working class parents possess less education and do more repetitive work duties with little autonomy, and therefore obedience is a necessary virtue, and they pass this to the other generation. For instance, it held Korea as a colony between 1910 and 1945. In today's world, the average child soaks in thousands of violent acts shown on television before attaining adulthood.
Although most children growing up today will spend a great deal of time with people other than members of their families, this does not mean that the participation of families in socialization has ended. Nevertheless, the fact is that mass media does help in building ideologies and beliefs of people and making them so strong and deep-rooted that they stay with them throughout their lifetime. Every social experience we have affects us in at least a small way. It reflects on the changes in the American family and the reason for the changes. While contact is kept up with more distant relatives, responsibilities toward these are limited.
Primary socialisation is what you are taught from the ages 0-5 and secondary socialisation is what you learn from the age of 5 and upwards. . Young people living in cities or suburbs and who have access to automobiles spend a great deal of time together away from their families. The most profound effect is gender socialization; however, the family also shoulders the task of teaching children cultural values and attitudes about themselves and others. Family is the best arrangement for bringing up children to be mature.
Everywhere schools transmit information and values. Children learn continuously from the environment that adults create. Culture is transmitted through the communication they have with one another and communication thus comes to be the essence of the process of cultural transmission. Believe it or not but parents, family, educational institutions, and media are socializing agents who carry out the process of socialization. My family and I may have some moments when we do not all get along, but what family does? So an example of how family plays an important role in socialization come from Malcolm Gladwell's book Outliers. Everyone is born into some form of family, with the family taking the responsibility of nurturing, teaching the norms or accepted behaviors within the family structure and within society.
In many instances this has created painful cross-pressures in which people are torn in different directions. The primary and most critical agent is the family: ages around 0-5. Things such as competition, conflict and cooperation as well as the concepts of hierarchy and egalitarianism can be learned and imbibed through a peer group. Schools are conscious societal instruments for transmission of desired values, information, and norms. Of course, the official purpose of school is to transfer subject knowledge and teach life skills, such as following directions and meeting deadlines.
In order for the child to be positively effected by their family, I would recommend that the family practice open communication. Mass media also seems to reinforce gender and other stereotypes. In general, it may be said that the total society is the agency for socialisation and that each person with whom one comes into contact and interact is in some way an agent of socialisation. In the United States children start to view television at about age two. Obligation toward family is the most important thing because family is always there for us, help us when we are in need, love us no matter what, and always put us as a top priority in their life.