It's also a matter of whether the states have rights to pass a law that is unconstitutional. Pluralist theory rejects this approach, arguing that although there are elite members of society they do not control government. This fits well in the original creation of the United States, where the Founding Fathers wished to move away from the very centralized, elite government of England. According to these writers, political power is divided among diverse interest groups, associations, classes and organization in the society and elites which lead them. They like to reach it for plenty of reasons, civil and economic.
This theory maintains that no single group, industry, or government agency dominates politics. Involvement is the key to effecting change and making sure the government responds to its citizens. The theory believes that power should be shared by all groups in the society and all organizations and groups must have their share in the policy making. Within each level of government there are also different branches that control different parts of the system so that no one person or group has too much power. Since the participants in this process constitute only a tiny fraction of the populace, the public acts mainly as bystanders. There are many single-issue groups and interest groups that are trying to influence the government's policy agenda, but the government are overwhelmed by the numerous of opinions and ideas, they are in a policy gridlock.
Just don't think before you act and try and do the last thing any normal person would do. I don't know for certain but pluralistic politics is politics where multiple opinions are tolerated and encouraged, in particular the allowing of multiple political parties. At times, House members and senators in Congress may ignore the voters in their home states and the groups that represent them in order to follow the dictates of the leaders of the political party to which they belong. This participation can occur either bydirect or representative vote. Similar to the Pluralist Theory, Hyperpluralism suggests that people who share interests form groups to advance their causes. On the flip side, pluralism is far too optimistic.
The First Amendment of the Constitution gives Americans the right to express their opinions on matters of concern to them; the federal government cannot interfere with this right. C … Washington The U. Macpherson, democracy is merely a mechanism for choosing and authorizing governments or in some other way getting laws and political decisions made. Term Single-issue groups Definition Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw membership from people new to politics. But Americans vote for representatives, not for specific policy alternatives.
Pluralist place an emphasis on civil rights, having at least two parties in a governmental system, and having society support the freedom of expression, organization, and protest. A fourth characteristic is the openness of the system. They worry that the common person lacks the virtues--reason, intelligence, patience--for self-government and that direct democracy leads to anarchy and the loss of freedom. A Dahl 1961 Looked at the role of interest groups andfound several groups influenced the State. How well they fare depends not on the indulgence of a higher authority but on their own skill in rallying political resources. Following this I will offer some definitions and distinctions as well as highlighting….
For example, a number of strong anti-abortion groups seek a voice in the government, but they are countered by an equally powerful pro-choice lobby. This government isusually called an aristocracy or an oligarchy. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues. For example, the oil industry and many others have been known to funnel millions of dollars into political campaigns for the candidates who support lenient pollution standards. All four of the most recent U. The issue with pluralism and Hyperpluralism is that pressure is placed politically on the government in order to benefit a specific group or class. Whereas elite theory believed that the masses were incapable of making decisions on major issues, the pluralist democracy, recognizing the inadequacies of the electoral process called for other means of eliciting the will of the people.
Summary Many question whether politicians are actually interested in the needs of average citizens and debate how much influence ordinary people have over what government does. The right to organize and protest is something that hyperpluralists wish to protect, but should be reserved for their desire to protest and no one else should be allowed such an opportunity. Hyperpluralism theory says that the rights of a specific group of individuals is more important than other individuals and lobbies without the desire of compromise to expand those rights. The Elitist approach is a conflict theory based on the belief according Aristotle that some people are meant to rule and others to be ruled. In each instance a group or person makes others do something they would not otherwise do.
Americans, they contend, have a comparatively equal chance to participate in government. For all these reasons power cannot be taken for granted. A millionaire may or may not be politically influential; it all depends on what the wealth is spent for--trips to the Bahamas or trips to Washington. A particular resource like money cannot automatically be equated with power because the resource can be used skillfully or clumsily, fully or partially, or not at all. Only by keeping score on a variety of controversies can one begin to identify actual power holders. Under these conditions, the classical doctrine of the separation of powers has been replaced by the theory of institu-tionalism, which serves as the ideological basis for the theory of pluralistic democracy.
Those who believe in elitism often look at pluralism as the best form of government because it consolidates individual powers, but still forces the need to negotiate and compromise from time to time. Many of them, in fact, were probably voting against his opponent, George Bush, rather than for Clinton himself. But by using resources such as his forceful personality, organizational skills, and especially the legitimacy of his cause, he had a greater impact on American politics than most wealthy people. In this way, government policy is shaped from the bottom up and not from the top down, as we see in elitist theory. Before drawing any dire conclusions about the possible undemocratic nature of this form of government, however, it is necessary to look at political power as pluralists see it. Hyperpluralism is bad, because power is shared by too many.