They cut a stalk on which the fruit grows, leaving two fingers' length, and on this they tie a small bowl, into which the sap drips. In front of him were a hundred foot soldiers and a hundred horsemen, who wore long coats of mail over themselves and their horses, each one of them leading a saddled and armoured horse carrying the arms of a horseman, consisting of a jewelled helmet, a breastplate, a bow, and a sword, and each man had in his hand a lance with a pennant at its head. Some distance below Cairo the Nile divides into three streams, none of which can be crossed except by boat, winter or summer. Basra is one of the metropolitan cities of Iraq and no place on earth excels it in quantity of palm-groves. If he summons any of them while he is holding an audience in his pavilion, the person summoned takes off his clothes and puts on worn garments, removes his turban and dons a dirty skullcap, and enters with his garments and trousers raised knee-high.
The site is covered by a large building; the Christians regard it with intense veneration and hospitably entertain all who alight at it. When a woman's husband wishes to travel she goes out with him and bids him farewell, and if they have a child, it is she who takes care of it and supplies its wants until the father returns. But determined to avoid further troubles, got up enough courage to ask the Sultan now in a good mood , if he could make another hajj. We drank from these and cooked food. After drinking this one takes a piece of the rind as a spoon and scoops out the pulp inside the nut. Having paid ourmeed of salutation to the lord of men from first to last, the intercessor forsinners, the Prophet of Mecca, Muhammad, as well as to his two companions whoshare his grave, Abu Bakr and 'Omar, we returned to our camp, rejoicing at thisgreat favour bestowed upon us, praising God for our having reached the formerabodes and the magnificent sanctuaries of His holy Prophet, and praying Him togrant that this visit should not be our last and that we might be of thosewhose pilgrimage is accepted. We stayed there at the hospice of the qadi, who is called Ibn Qa1am Shah, and is a member of the Futuwa.
Zayla is a large city with a great bazaar, but it is the dirtiest, most abominable, and most stinking town in the world. The driver rides on one of the horses and carries a whip or wooden goad. The Emperor signed to me, before I had saluted and reached him, to sit down for a moment, in order that my apprehension might be calmed. The kinds of things that the Egyptians eat along with their bread would not even be looked at in the Maghrib. It is one of the greatest churches of the Greeks, and is encircled by a wall so that it looks as if it were a town. Ibn Battuta arrives in Aden I travelled thence to 'Aden, the port of Yemen, on the coast of the ocean. If he summons any of them while he is holding an audience in his pavilion, the person summoned takes off his clothes and puts on worn garments, removes his turban and dons a dirty skullcap, and enters with his garments and trousers raised knee-high.
So I braced my resolution to quit all my dear ones, female and male, and forsook my home as birds forsake their nests. He put on his sandals, ordering the qadi and myself to do the same, and set out for his palace on foot. All night long we kept driving them away, and indeed one got at my baggage, tore open one of the sacks, pulled out a bag of dates, and made off with it. They are cut in the rock and have carved thresholds. The hippos of the river Niger I was accompanied by a merchant called Abu Bakr ibn Ya'qub. Another good habit of theirs is this. Any man who wishes to marry one of them may do so, but they do not travel with their husbands, and even if one desired to do so her family would not allow her to go.
It was to me one of the most interesting reads I have had in years. Travel writing, especially accounts of the Hajj, were a popular form of writing at the time. The milk is made by steeping the contents of the nut in water, which takes on the colour and taste of milk and is used along with food. He liked seeing new places, experiencing different cultures, and meeting new people. They do not give their daughters any share in their inheritance. When the Emperor approached, the troops became entangled with one another and there was much dust. He was walking on foot, wearing haircloth garments and a bonnet of felt, and he had a long white beard and a fine face, which bore traces of his austerities.
They have fruit trees on the island, but no cereals, which have to be brought to them from the Sawahil. Al-Malik an-Nasir had started to build a similar lighthouse alongside it but was prevented by death from completing the work. The sultan asked me about my country, and gave me a robe and a horse. Ibn Battuta describes the city of Baghdad pp. From this valley fruit and vegetables are transported to Mecca We set out at night from this blessed valley, with hearts full of joy at reaching the goal of our hopes, and in the morning arrived at the City of Surety, Mecca may God ennoble her! Inside every monastery there is a small convent designed for the ascetic retreat of the king who built it, for most of these kings, on reaching the age of sixty or seventy, build a monastery and put on garments of hair, investing their sons with the sovereignty and occupying themselves with religious exercises for the rest of their lives. He takes nothing but pieces of salt and glass ornaments, which the people call beads, and some aromatic goods. Two miles beyond it again is the old wall that encircled the town, so that it stands midway between the old wall and the present city.
Each amir or person ofrank has a special tank for the needs of his own camels and personnel; theother people make private agreements with the watercarriers to water theircamels and fill their waterskins for a fixed sum of money. The original series was shown in 1980s. When you compare its prices with the prices of Egypt and Syria, you will see the truth of my contention, and realize the superiority of the Maghrib. The people of Damascus idolized him. The women of these islands never leave their country. The following day we visited the second khatun Kebek and found her sitting on a divan reading the holy Koran.
The entire mosque is an open court and unroofed, except the mosque al-Aqsa, which has a roof of most excellent workmanship, embellished with gold and brilliant colours. It gathers at the sides of the spring like clay and is shovelled up and brought to Baghdad. Ibn Battuta returns to Yemen pp. The sultan is a man of excellent character, a man of letters and a poet. It implies an open-mindedness — to the customs, traditions, values, and norms of the people that one visits — even if they are drastically different from that of ours. I remarked, as a strange thing, that the guide whom we had was blind in one eye, and diseased in the other, yet he had the best knowledge of the road of any man.
I set out after them, and when I had traversed the district of Marbala, and entered the district of Suhayl I passed a dead horse lying in the ditch, and a little farther on a pannier of fish thrown on the ground. He then gave her a robe and she withdrew. Persians and Turks and other Muslims flocked to the new empire looking for its rewards. She asked how we were and about our journey and the distance of our native lands, and wept, in pity and compassion, wiping her face with a handkerchief that lay before her. At the gate of the church there are porticoes where the keepers sit who sweep its paths, light its lamps and close its gates.
The people of Dhofar and their customs Its population consists of merchants who live entirely on trade. In 1536, after Ibn Battuta returned home, the Marinid ruler of Morocco Sultan Abu 'Ina commissioned a young literary scholar of Andalusian origins named Ibn Juzayy or Ibn Djuzzayy to record Ibn Battuta's experiences and observations. Never either in the eastern or the western lands have I seen a more voluminous headgear. Battuta criticized the eating of animal meats which were not prepared appropriately and strongly criticized the role that women played in their society. The eastern door, called the Jayrun door, is the largest of the doors of the mosque. Damascus had the largest concentration of famous theologians and jurists in the Arab-speaking world.