The tributaries of the ganga feed the ganga plain. The nutrients deposited by the Himalayan rivers make the soil rich and fertile for growing a variety of crops here such as wheat, rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds sugarcane etc. Topography: These plains are remarkably homogeneous with little relief changes for hundreds of kilometres. All along the Himalaya and other hilly regions where they join the plains, there are forelands known locally as bhabar or ghar in which are deposited coarse sand and pebbles brought down from the hills by the swift-flowing mountain streams. When it takes a hairpin turn around Namcha Barwa 7,757 m , the under cutting done by the powerful river is of the order of 5,500 meter. The Sone is the only big river to join the Ganga directly from the southern plateau.
The Punjab Plain is made up of doabs—the land between two rivers. Reptiles are represented by a large number of snake and lizard species, as well as the ghariyal and crocodiles. But the southeastern part of the plain slopes towards the Rann of Kachchh. Northern plains form the repositary of cultural and ancient heritage of India. It fo … rms one of the most fertile regions in the country.
Most of the agriculture in India takes place in the northern plains region. The lower part of the delta becomes marshy where fresh water and sea water get mingled owing to high and low tides. It is the most popular plain of India. The Brahmaputra River originates in Tibet and is locally known as Tsangpo the Purifiers. According to recent estimates, the average depth of alluvium in the southern side of the plain varies between 1300-1400m, while towards the Shiwaliks, the depth of alluvium increases. The most thickly populated states of India such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar lies in this plain. The plains of North India are essentially made of alluvium, the fertile soil brought down by the river.
Reason R : There has been reduction in the depth of river valleys due to deposition of silt. Rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Indus, Kosi, Chambal, Sutlej etc. These places not only have a religious significnce to the natives but also are important from the tourism point ofview, which forms the invisible portion of our Balance of trade. These places not only have a religious significnce to the natives but also are important from the tourism point ofview, which forms the invisible portion of our Balance of trade. It is uniformly a level plain without any interruption except a few outliers of the Aravalli hills, such as, in the vicinity of Delhi.
All these factors have made this plain very important. The fertile alluvial plains all over the world have supported civilizations, due to the rich soil, suitable climate and adequate water supply. Wildlife resident here includes the Snow Leopard, the Himalayan Brown Bear and the Musk deer. Haridwar, Amritsar, Varanasi, Allahabad, Bodh Gaya etc. The fine and the deep alluvium deposits b … y the rivers make the northern plains one of the most fertile plains in the wourld. The plain stretches over 1,200 kms between the Arabian Sea in the south-west and foot-hills of the Western Himalaya in the north-east.
This plain is formed by the deposition of alluvium brought by the rivers from the Himalayan and the plateau. Its importance can be highlighted by the following factors: 1. These bhabar lands are narrower in the east and extensive in the western and north western hilly region. The Indo-Gangetic Northern plain is bound on the north by the abruptly rising Himalayas, which feed its numerous rivers and are the source of the fertile alluvium deposited across the region by the two river systems. There is the vast and luxurious vegetation.
These plains extend approximately 3200 km from west to east. If you see all great civilizations were born on the banks of some of the great rivers e. The birth place of the green revolution, these are one of the most densely populated regions in the whole world 40% of Indian population lives here. The states that fall under the Northern Plain are: Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, parts of Jharkhand and West Bengal, and Assam. The green Brahmaputra valley is noted for tea plantation.
Large numbers of shrines have developed in these mountains. It flows into the Rann of Kachchh. The Kosi river is very notorious in this respect. It was done by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra rivers along with their numerous tributaries, coming from the two landmasses on either side. It flows parallel to the Himalayan Mountains in Tibet, where it is known as Tsangpo. But they have their own diversities and the monotony of the physical landscape has been broken by a few significant features, such as bhabar, terai, bhangar and khadar. This region is also important from the point of view of tourism and pilgrimage.