Shah Naim Ata He announced himself 'King of Salon' and initiated no-taxes movement. The movement started by the Rowlatt Act, the Jalianwallah Bagh Massacre and the Khilafat movement. Gradually jails of the country were filed with non-cooperation volunteers. At the All India Khilafat Conference, Muhammad Ali declared that 'it was religiously unlawful for the Muslims to continue in the British Army'. Meanwhile in India, the two Ali brothers- Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar and Maulana Shaukat Ali created an All India Khilafat Committee in Lucknow. These words of Gandhi appealed everyone and all became blind after him. The Congress wanted to start mass civil disobedience movement.
Muzaffar Ahmad He formed communist group in Calcutta under the influenced of M. Motilal Nehru He renounced his legal practice in response to the call by Gandhi. In December 1920, Congress met once again in the Nagpur Session. When the police opened fire on the mob and killed some persons, the angry mob set the police station on fire. The Congress unanimously adopted resolutions to non-cooperate the government any longer because of the undemocratic and unsympathetic dealings of the British Government. It signified a new chapter in the history of Indian freedom struggle.
However due to the fall of the Caliph in the Turkish region of the Muslim Community also led to the decline of the impulse of the involvement of the Muslim leaders. Thus after eleven months of inactivity, comparatively speaking the Government declared open war against the non-co-operators and the whole of India watched with a thrill the results of the first encounter between the mighty Government and the non-violent, non-co-operation or Passive Resistance. The violent mob put the thana to fire in which the policemen died. On 1 February 1922, in a letter to the Governor General, Gandhi spoke of non—payment of taxes. Patel and Kasturiranga Aiyangar and headed by Hakim Ajmal Khan it can be concluded that it testified some outstanding features.
In mid-December, Madan Mohan Malaviya initiated a negotiation with the British but that proved futile. They were not afraid of the government. It arose out of the refusal of a person to accept the decision of Non-co-operation Panchayat of Bisnupur. The fourth phase and final phase November 1921—February 1922 of the movement saw citizens choosing not to pay taxes in several regions. Motilal Tejawat He organised the Bhils and the Bhil movement strengthened the non-cooperation activities. The non-cooperation movement definitely awakened tremendous national awareness for freedom and successfully erased the fear psychosis from the minds of the Indians and the movement thus inspired the people to be ready for further sacrifices and future struggles with confidence and hope. This is how they organized Khilafat movement.
He was regarded as a logical heir of Balgangadhar Tilak. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 1869-1948 entered the Indian political scene as a prominent figure only in 1916 but by 1919 he emerged as one of the most significant national leaders. This example of Calcutta was followed by many mofussil colleges of Bengal. An appeal was made to all men over the age of 18 to join the Volunteer Corps. The newspapers offices were raided. Resignation from government nominated seats in local bodies. This doesn't ends Gandhi's role here.
Then, Gandhi was also arrested in the year 1922. He gave a direction to the movement which resulted in unity and mutual non-violent non-cooperation movement. Basanti Debi She was a wife of C. Gandhi in a solemn speech in the meeting of the central Khilafat Committee in the night of 2 June said that he knew full well that the Muslim realized that the non-cooperation was the only remedy now left to India. Das decided to begin the movement by sending five volunteers who would thus defy the official ban and take all the consequential repressions.
It was good that the movement supported the development of the section of the community. Lala Lajpat Rai He was initially not in favour of the policy of he was against the boycott of schools but later he supported the movement. Then 17 th of October, 1919 was observed as Khilafat Day. While in the areas of Punjab, Bengal and North-West Frontier, this movement got escalated. Nothing happened and the revolutionary activities in Punjab again got a setback in Punjab. In Punjab, it was headed by Lala Lajpat Rai. This was the first public representation of the technique of political action that would dominate the Indian scene for the next few years.
The Khilafat Conference in Malabar incited so much communal feelings among the Muslim peasants The Moplahs that it took an anti—Hindu turn in July 1921. The leaders of this movement accepted the non-cooperation movement of Gandhiji and led a joint protest against the British. Under the shadow of a grave calamity the congress met in a tense atmosphere to decide upon the momentous but controversial issue of non-cooperation. Moreover it was the duty of government to pay heed to the demands of the people. Closely spaced incidents like mobilization of the Martial Law in Punjab, the Jalianwala Bagh massacre, failure of the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms and the dismemberment of Turkey by the British following the Treaty of Severs in May 1920, incited widespread resentment among all sections of the people of India. Thus, with the help of Gandhi, the Khilafat Movement helped both the communities, that is, the Hindus and the Muslims.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel He spread the movement in Gujarat and regarded as a feasible alternative to revolutionary terrorism to fight against a colonial government. They supported the non-payment of taxes. Some leaders did not like they way it was started, many other did not like the way it was conducted and most of them could digest the sudden withdrawal. The outburst of violence at Chauri-Chaura in Uttar Pradesh during February 1922 compelled him to suspend the movement. The movement was to be nonviolent and to consist of Indians resigning their titles; government educational institutions, the courts, government service, foreign goods, and elections; and, eventually, refusing to pay taxes. In addition, the British also passed repressive acts like the Rowlatt Act which further angered many Indians who felt betrayed by the rulers despite their wartime support. This was a mass movement organized for the Muslims present in India.