He meant in almost explicit terms for it to stand in the tradition of prophetic prison letters, the most famous of which are those attributed to Paul of Tarsus and included in the New Testament. Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts - 31: Martin Luther King, Jr. Perhaps I was too optimistic; perhaps I expected too much. Mindful of the difficulties involved, we decided to undertake a process of self purification. Who can say that the legislature of Alabama which set up that state's segregation laws was democratically elected? King did not actually want white allies or that this is only a rhetorical tactic, but his restraint over a topic that clearly moved him is undeniable. Its ugly record of brutality is widely known.
King used an approach to resolve issues in nonviolent manners. To preserve the evil system of segregation. This tension was intended to compel meaningful negotiation with the white power structure, without which true civil rights could never be achieved. Martin Luther King talks about how he should be able to protest and talk about his cause as much as he likes because the only other way to reach out to people is through acts of violence. Some have been dismissed from their churches, have lost the support of their bishops and fellow ministers.
He asks the white moderate clergy if they really want to be at peace after dealing with the surface of a problem, and leaving its source affluent. They have carved a tunnel of hope through the dark mountain of disappointment. Let me give another explanation. As a minister, King responded to these criticisms on religious grounds. He wrote this in response to his fellow clergyman's assertion that breaking the law is not how to achieve equality. There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation.
Children ripped apart from their families, not being able to socialize with certain people, or even go to the local amusement park. He explains that although the demonstrators and protesters in the Civil Rights Movement were breaking the law, their actions were obeying a higher moral law, as opposed to a human law, based on divine justice. I have hope that Mr. On the basis of these conditions, Negro leaders sought to negotiate with the city fathers. Is not segregation an existential expression of man's tragic separation, his awful estrangement, his terrible sinfulness? One day the South will recognize its real heroes. Isn't this like condemning a robbed man because his possession of money precipitated the evil act of robbery? The act mandated federally what had in Birmingham been won locally: a white commitment to desegregation and equal employment opportunities. He describes police brutality, pushing and cursing black children and old women and refusing food to singing prisoners.
In the weeks that followed, tensions flared, and protests commenced in scores of Southern cities. Yes, I see the church as the body of Christ. He hopes to meet the clergymen one day as a fellow clergyman and Christian Brother; rather than an integrationist or civil-rights leader. Three men were crucified that day, and all for the same reason—the crime of extremism. Thomas Aquinas: An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. On April 10, Circuit Judge W. Though the letter was not immediately either successful or influential, it became within a matter of months famous for its articulation of Dr.
Of course, there is nothing new about this kind of civil disobedience. Meshach, Shadrach, and Abednego defied an unjust law. I am grateful to God that, through the influence of the Negro church, the way of nonviolence became an integral part of our struggle. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. He usually does not respond to letter that criticize his work and actions, but he believed the clergymen were men of genuine good and they meant no harm.
You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. In the past the city had made many false promises and devastated countless aspirations. I began thinking about the fact that I stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. Why sit-ins, marches and so forth? I had also hoped that the white moderate would reject the myth concerning time in relation to the struggle for freedom. There are two groups of whites and two groups of blacks in these comments.
After the direct-action program, King. But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms. This piece is a summary of the Letter from Birmingham Jail written by Dr. I felt that the white ministers, priests and rabbis of the South would be among our strongest allies. Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts for kids Facts about the Letter from Birmingham Jail for kids The following fact sheet continues with facts about Letter from Birmingham Jail.
Compared to other movements at the time, King finds himself as a moderate. If I have said anything in this letter that overstates the truth and indicates an unreasonable impatience, I beg you to forgive me. He uses the dramatic scene on Calvary hill as an example. He further attacks moderates over their demands for patience. The current church is sitting by and witnessing what is happening and does nothing to change it, like the way a thermometer acknowledges the temperature but does nothing to make the room warmer or colder. By describing these groups' 'bitterness and hatred' as well as their own stated racism against whites, King has now placed himself in the middle, not the extreme, of black America. It has taken Christianity almost two thousand years to accomplish what it has.
Against the clergymen's assertion that demonstrations could be illegal, King argued that not only was civil disobedience justified in the face of unjust laws, but it was necessary and even patriotic. I commend the Catholic leaders of this state for integrating Spring Hill College several years ago. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. To further nourish the new sprouts of persuasion, King makes a second and even more potent appeal by the mention of… 1074 Words 5 Pages An Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail Martin Luther King Jr. How could I do otherwise? Letter from Birmingham Jail Facts - 21: Martin Luther King, Jr. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly.