These areas are prone to tidal influences. As of 2017, India has 103 , of which six are located in Maharashtra. Cinchona: From this Quinine is obtained which is used for treatment of malaria. The oil cakes are used as manure and cattle feed. Dwarf deciduous trees and long grasses grow in these regions. These three factors decide the type of natural vegetation that is found in a region. These forests urgently need scientific management and conservation.
On the higher slope, temperate conifer trees like pine, fir, and oak grow. Other main dishes are ghadichi poli or chapati which is more popular in urban areas and is unleavened bread made of whea … t and bhakri which is more common in rural areas and is a bread made from millets like jowar and bajra. So few clumps of grass grow on the sand, some thorny plants, cacti etc. Tropical Evergreen Forests It is also called tropical rainforests and occurs in the regions near the equator and close to the tropics. That is why they are called tropical deciduous forests. The mineral-bearing zones of Maharashtra lie beyond the area of the basalts in eastern Vidarbha, southern Kolhapur and the Sindhudurg area. Answer: These regions lie in the rain shadow area of the Western Ghats.
They are used for furniture and construction. Since the trees are always green they are called evergreen forests. Which one of these trees is the most valuable? These trees are used for making furniture and boats. Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests The vegetation is found in those areas where the annual rainfall is between 50 and 100 cm. Above this we find deciduous trees and still higher we have the coniferous trees, Spruce, Silverfir, Pine, Chir Pine. At attitudes above 3600 m, coniferous forests and grasslands give way to the alpine vegetation.
A large percentage of Maharashtra's forests and wildlife lie along the western Ghats or western Maharashtra and eastern Vidarbha. Answer: They are found in the above region because these areas get less than 25 cm. Of the many species of monkeys, the languar is the most common. Enough light reaches the ground to permit the growth of grasses and climbers. On the Western Himalayas there are broad- leave evergreen trees but not so as those on the Eastern Himalayas. The natural vegetation is the endowments of nature.
Apart from the above, , a near Mumbai has been declared an protected area by the. This ecosystem has evolved through thousands of years. In India, most of these forests are found on the western side of the Western Ghats,in the North-Eastern hills and the Andaman and Nicobar islands. They prevent landslides and soil erosion. Forests turn Carbon dioxide into oxygen and thus help to purify the air we breathe.
Along with that Deodar, Blue Gum, Pal Ash, Sal, Sandalwood, Ebony, Arjun, Khair, and Bamboo are also seen. Answer: Littoral forests or Tidal Forests are found in delta regions and along the marshy coasts. They have been widely exploited for their timber. Rainfall: Rainfall in Maharashtra differs from region to region. Answer: Tropical Evergreen: Ebony, Rosewood Monsoon or Deciduous: Teak, Eucalyptus, Sandalwood Desert: Khajuri, Babul Littoral or Tidal: Casuarina Mountain: Chir Pine Question 2: Why are Evergreen forests composed of thick vegetation and dense foliage? The deltas of rivers Ganges, Godavari, Mahanadi and Krishna have these forests. The Satpuras, hills along the northern border, and the Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri Ranges on the eastern border form physical barriers preventing easy movement, but also serve as natural limits to the state.
Tree species of these forest are Teak, Sal, Peepal, and Neem. They are a good source of fuelwood. Shri Kona Prabhakar Rao 7. The mangrove can attain the height of about 30 metres. Answer: Sal-used for furniture making Railway sleepers. Article shared by The natural vegetation, generally, grows well where there is enough rainfall. Natural vegetation followed by the environment variables.
At the same time agriculture in Maharashtra is very advance and efficient. The desert soil is coarse-grained and hence the rate of evaporation is accelerated due to the broad pores in the soil. Question 14: Give the names of four important products of forests. National Parks and Wild Life Sanctuaries have been opened in order to preserve wild life. There are about 80,000 species of wild animals, birds and fishes. The trees have buttressed trunks with a rich growth of epiphytes.
Question 8: Name the important trees of Rajasthan. The average annual temperature should range between 25 °C and 30 °C and the relative humidity should also be low, i. Start a group dedicated to protecting animals in your area or to help care for a nature preserve. It is therefore heavy, strong and used for furniture. However, these forests again become green with the onset of the rainy season. Lord Willingdon of Ratton 52.
The soil is commonly known as 'black cotton soil' or 'regur' because it is best suited for the cultivation of cotton. The number of species of trees is very large in a small area. Natural vegetation and wildlife are the plants and animals that survive naturally in a specific region and are part of the biosphere. It depends on what you are talking about. Roots and branches of the trees are submerged under water for specific period of time. These forests have been subject to extensive clearance by man for the purpose of cultivation. The trees in these forests never shed their leaves all at a time in any part of the year.