Utility is the great idol of the time, to which all powers do homage and all subjects are subservient. This is not separate from Nature: rather, Nature confers on humans the power of becoming-human. I boken ser man også hvordan disse driftene reflekteres i samfunn og politikk, kunst og filosofi. In this great balance of utility, the spiritual service of art has no weight, and, deprived of all encouragement, it vanishes from the noisy Vanity Fair of our time. Thế nên những người làm nghệ thuật theo ông ta đến gần với thực tại nhất, được tự do nhất.
If Schiller could wave a magic wand, everybody in society would receive an education in beauty by way of art, literature and music. According to natural laws there is a close connection between men and women. On the Aesthetic Education of Man Friedrich Schiller wrote an interesting book called On the Aesthetic Education of Man. Since in both cases you are reading for a specific practical purpose or goal, according to Schiller, you are not at play. But Schiller says that perhaps Experience as such is not the best place to go looking for positions of judgment. The pure source of beauty streams down from the divine part of our being, from the eternally pure ether of ideal mankind, uninfected by the spirit of the age that seethes in the dark eddies far below. He is rather nostalgic in tone because the integrity, holistic notion has been fragmented.
If the base philosophy here is true, and I think that much of it is, the moral development of the current man will only rarely reach a significant maturation. Happy to avoid the troublesome effort of thinking, they gladly leave the control of their concepts to others; and if it so happens that they rouse themselves to higher needs, they seize with greedy credulity upon the formulations that state and priesthood have prepared for them in anticipation. For ikke bare er denne estetikken viktig i og for seg; Schiller viser også hvordan dennes rolle både i individet og samfunnet som helhet er viktig med tanke på moral og samfunnets videre utvikling. اینجا هم کلیت حرف شیلر جالبه - اینکه باید بین حس و عقل، بین ثبات و تغییر، بین ضرورت و آزادی، بین شهروند و دولت و. It is embodied by someone with unimpaired freedom, impairing no one else and displaying grace without casting away dignity. Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy addressing beauty, taste, art and the sublime. This division of sensibility into sense and intellect can also be understood from psyche getting divided into reason rationalist and intuition empiricist.
Also it is always better to find patterns of beauty in the staff that we are experiencing. Neither can remain in isolation or the man ceases to be man. This is matched by a a tri-partite movement from the Dynamic State think Hobbes ; the Ethical State Kant ; the Aesthetic State, which consummates the will of all in the individual. Mình đọc quyển này rồi xem phim American Beauty. Culture of the capacity for feeling is the more urgent need at this time, not merely because it will enable better insight into life, but because it prompts the improvement of such insight itself. Thus reality and formality are set in opposition. Beginning with a political analysis of contemporary society — in particular, the French Revolution and its failure to implement universal freedom — Schiller observes that people cannot transcend their circumstances without education.
This world is the world of complete freedom in which both emotion and morality are subdued. Jeg anser vel meg selv som et over gjennomsnittet kunstnerisk menneske, og om ikke mine egne sysler på dette felt vitner om dette, så er i hvert fall interessen og fascinasjonen for kunsten og det skjønne til stede, om enn på et ennå underutviklet nivå. I am not doing a full review here, so for now, please read some of the quotes I have included below. Per nå har jeg har direkte innvendinger til Schillers argumentasjon, jeg føler egentlig ikke for å ta stilling til hans tanker i det hele, hvilket som regel er et tegn på at man selv ikke behersker stoffet, men jeg vil uansett rote ned noen kjappe ord. Dette åpner for uendelige muligheter, ettersom vi ikke kun får muligheten til å gi objekter verdi, men også vår tilstand — friheten finner plass. Since your reading is not bound to any practical aim, you are free to let your imagination take flight and explore all the creative dimensions of the literary work.
He conceives of art as the vehicle of education, one that can liberate individuals from the constraints and excesses of either pure nature or pure mind. In the evening you read Shakespeare. Để tiến tới tự do, con người phải học cách cảm nhận về cái đẹp, và từ đó con người mới có cảm giác và lý trí để hành động theo đọc cho lớp philosophy. Under lesningen merket jeg at det ble vanskelig å oppfatte alt som ble skrevet, ettersom nye definisjoner og slutninger ble tatt hele tiden, men jeg fikk fortsatt et stort utbytte av lesingen. Hauntingly relevant for a text over two-hundred years old, but not one that I can fully recommend to the modern reader to which it would benefit most due Often circumlocutory, but an important meaning for the current era, where I fear we, generally, are becoming uncomfortably distant with nature and with what Schiller regards as beauty. The course of events has given a direction to the genius of the time that threatens to remove it continually further from the ideal of art. Translated by Keith Tribe with an introduction and notes by Alexander Schmidt.
Áhugaverð og tengist að mörgu leyti skrifum Antonins Artauds um tengsl lífs og listar, nema gengið er út frá öðrum kenningum. «Så lenge mennesket, i sin første fysiske tilstand, bare passivt opptar sanseverdenen i seg, er det ennå fullstendig ett med denne tilstand. However, perhaps there is something to the second idea, so that sources independent of the state might be made capable of refining ways of thought, but which sources for all their faults uphold the state in a pure and open manner. He expresses the belief that there is a means by which man can regain freedom from division, and that means is art. Look forward to coming back to some of these thoughts and seeing how they fit within Kant's aesthetics. It must accordingly be of deepest moment to every man to think for himself. Best read before you turn 20, at which point the world he railed loudly against takes over.
Eternally uniform in his aims, eternally shifting in his judgements, self-seeking without being himself, unfettered without being free, a slave though serving no rule. The object of the play-drive is living-form, or beauty as such. The book touches upon a broad range of topics, some of which you do not normally associate with aesthetics. Hence the abstract thinker very often has a cold heart, since he analyzes the impressions which really affect the soul only as a whole; the man of business has very often a narrow heart, because imagination, confined within the monotonous circle of his profession, cannot expand to unfamiliar modes of representation. After studying what philosophers have to say on this topic, it is refreshing to read the philosophical reflections on aesthetics by Friedrich Schiller 1769-1805 , a man who was not only a first-rate thinker but a great poet and playwright. », er like motiverende for ånden som å lese eksistens-filosofiske verk.
Jeg liker jo å hengi meg til grublerier om temaet, men kommer sjelden frem til noe vettig, og å formulere mine tanker om kunsten i håndgripelige ord forekommer meg dess vanskeligere. Well, the question of taste can be counted on to generate many of those simple questions we cannot definitively answer but also cannot help asking. Taste can therefore be seen as the first weapon used by an aesthetic soul in its struggle against raw nature, driving back the assault before it becomes necessary for reason to intervene as a legislator, and pronounce judgement. Excuses himself for using intellect even while he will be critiquing it. The history of education can easily be described as theme and variation on one motif: reform. Eternally shackled to one small fragment of the whole, man imagined himself to be a fragment, in his ear the constant and monotonous noise of the wheel that he turned; never capable of developing the harmony of his being, and instead marking the humanity in his nature, he simply became the impress of his occupation, his particular knowledge. Here he sounds like Nietzsche, who believed that in Greek time there was blending between Apollonian and Dionysian elements.