This was on 15 October 1989. The magistrate carried out policing functions through the who had always been a state functionary under the Faujdar. Some important functions are as follows: i. Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? In summary, the democratic decentralization initiated by the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee were taken forward by the Ashok Mehta Committee. Thus, the Panchayati Raj came into being. These are general standing committee; finance, audit and planning committee and social justice committee. This also ensures more realistic programming, for local problems are apt to receive urgent attention.
The Panchayat also keeps records of births and deaths. However, West Bengal and Karnataka were two states that took initiatives on the basis of recommendations of the Ashok Mehta Committee. The progress of local self-government was not that successful with only half-hearted steps taken in setting up municipal bodies. He pointed out that Panchayati Raj means taking democracy to the gross roots, it means transfer of power, in the real sense of the word, to the people living even in remote villages and bringing even the weakest sections of society into the national mainstream. As we know, India is a caste-ridden society. The elected members are chosen every five years from amongst the citizens of the block.
However, The Constitution One Hundred and Tenth Amendment Bill, 2009 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on November 26, 2009 by the then Minister of Panchayati Raj, Shri C. The poor segments of society remained neglected as before. He formed his views on the subject by under-taking whirlwind tours of rural India to familiarize himself with the realities of rural life, by holding frequent workshops of District magistrates all over the country, and thus assessing their views and understanding their difficulties. Zilla Parishad: The Zilla Parishad stands at the apex of the three-tier structure of the Panchayati Raj system. It was formalized in 1992 by the 73rd amendment to the Indian Constitution. Ever since Late Shri Rajiv Gandhi came to the helm of affairs in the country he repeatedly stressed the importance of Panchayati Raj.
He acts as the executive head of the Panchayat, represents it in the Panchayat Samiti as its spokesman and coordinates its activities and those of other local institutions like cooperatives. Propagating social and cultural activities. They also have a major share of contribution towards mobilization of local resources, encouraging, large-scale community participation, planning at the lower levels, reduction of corruption as well as improvement in quality oh nations working. The committee recommended that the above 3 tiers should be organically linked together through an instrument of indirect election. What are Panchayats and Municipalities? The British were not concerned with decentralized democracy but were aiming for colonial objectives. The main features are: i Regular elections every five years: Direct elections at village and block levels and district level. He guides the Panchayats in making plans and carrying out production programmes.
Thus, a time-bound training programme is needed to make the Panchayati Raj institutions more effective. This was — what should be the point of decentralization? Genesis of Panchayati Raj Institution Panchayati Raj genesis can be seen in ancient period in texts of Panini, Buddhist text and Rig Veda in respect to administration autonomy. The Intermediate Panchayats exists in the states where the population is above 20 lakhs. The government of India Act of 1935 also had provision for provincial autonomy and had strengthen panchayats in the country. Any person who is qualified to be a member of the state legislature is eligible to be a member of the Panchayat or Municipality. The main objective behind the Panchayati Raj is that the people in the village should undertake the responsibilities of governing themselves. The phase of ascendancy 1959-1964 2.
So for country's overall political development, the role and existence of Panchayati Raj Institution is most desirable. So in this article, we have given yoou all the information about Panchayat Raj Day 2018 and Panchayat Raj System in India such as what is Panchayat Raj Day? Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samiti and Gram Panchayat. The main functions of the Panchayat Samiti are: i Agriculture—formulation of plans of development of agriculture, tree plantation and soil conservation; ii animal husbandry; iii health and sanitation; iv education—running primary schools; v communication—construction and maintenance of inter-panchayat roads, etc. He also talked of gram swaraj and advocated Panchayats which should have all the authority and jurisdiction required the Panchayat should be the legislature, the judiciary and the executive combined to operate in office. It simply carries out the directives of the State Government pertaining to specific projects. They are also given the responsibility of irrigation, regaining of fallow lands and planting of trees, saving cattle, and many other duties. A key motivation of this act was the belief that local governments may be better placed than centrally appointed bureaucrats to identify and respond to the needs of the village.
Our Indian statutes and other Union territories are willing to accept the panchayat system and give them recognition to hold elections. In the matters of Finance, the committee said that compulsory items of taxation should be put under the jurisdictions of the Zila Parishads so that they are able to mobilize their own financial resources. The first was that it abolished the village land record office and created a company official called Patwari. Preparing annual plan for its activities and submitted to Zilla Parishad for incorporating in its district plan. Democratic Decentralization means that the government which has derived its authority from the people redistributes it to some extent to the people for decision and action at the local level.
Thus, to conclude, it can be stated that the devolution of power to the people without requisite development of character, training and capacity had been found to be a curse in the functioning of democratic institutions in our country and there were apprehensions that this new step in democratic decentralization, designed to be blessing, would turn out to be a curse to the people in the villages. Chattisgarh: Through a notification, a time limit has been stipulated for the delivery of nine public services to citizens by gram panchayat and janpad panchayats. As Diwan the Company took two decisions. Krishnaswami Bharathi, though accepted to the amendment, was of the view that the amendment seeks to give only the political independence and not the economic independence. Zila Parishad should be the executive body and made responsible for planning at the district level. The second major responsibility of the Panchayats will be the implementation of development schemes assigned to them by the state Governments.