At the same time, they made war more impersonal. If this is done, then mankind, like the Garden, will grow healthy and safe. God created through his Son, and sent along his Spirit to describe the bounds of Chaos. Satan flies up to the sun where he can see all of creation. Raphael says that Lucifer Satan was jealous of the Son and through sophistic argument got his followers, about one third of the angels, to follow him to the North.
Gabriel hunts and finds Satan. As flame they part Half wheeling to the Shield, half to the Spear. Which action past over, the Poem hasts into , presenting Satan with his Angels now fallen into Hell, describ'd here, not in the Center for Heaven and Earth may be suppos'd as yet not made, certainly not yet accurst but in a place of utter darkness, fitliest call'd Chaos: Here Satan with his Angels lying on the burning Lake, thunder-struck and astonisht, after a certain space recovers, as from confusion, calls up him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him; they confer of thir miserable fall. The sides of the hill are covered with bushes and trees. This will contrast with the circumstances that will surround God sacrificing his only son in later books. He concludes that his only recourse is evil, and from now on, all his efforts will be to, if not destroy, at least divide God's kingdom.
Like Dante's hell, the characters and institutions in Milton's hell are often subtle references to political issues in Milton's day. Instead of the constant action and warfare of the classical epics, Paradise Lost is mostly filled with dialogue and interior monologues, as Milton felt that knowledge, contemplation, and quiet obedience to God was just as important and heroic as any war. Why weren't they entirely squashed? They are glad to find that Satan is not in total despair. The six days of creation are described. Milton makes the point that evil is a destructive and degenerative force almost palpable as he describes the different physical changes that Satan goes through. In fact, there is nothing man can do himself to get into heaven, he must rely completely on God's light.
Milton relates love and goodness with reason and reason is clear in even a conversational sense in the holy trinity, between God and his Son. He asks for suggestion on how best to continue battling heaven. Satan then notices two humans — Adam and Eve. But in this pre-Fall Eden and Adam, life is ordered, good, directed toward God. Love and love making fit this same theology: ordered love making, unselfishly given, rational, unpassionate and without the animal instincts, will create a healthy and steady growing love.
The light glances off the eastern gate of Paradise, which ascends to the clouds and Heaven. He lifts his head to see his second in command, , the , who has been transformed from a beautiful archangel into a horrid fallen angel. Uriel notices his conflicting facial expressions, and since all cherubs have permanent looks of joy on their faces, Uriel concludes that Satan cannot be a cherub. Milton uses this epic simile as a window into a smaller story, a window which takes one away from the immediacy of the story at hand and often brings one to another part of the world all together. What his Associates thence attempt. Looking at Earth, Satan is taken with its beauty but quickly overcomes his sympathy to concentrate on what he must do. At first, he questions why Satan would have removed his bonds from hell.
Niphates and has some moments of doubt. The only gate is on the other side the eastern side ; he decides to just jump clear over it, like a wolf or a thief. If God does something good, they will try to screw it up. The light from the sun reminds him of the light and grace he had in heaven. To whom thus Zephon, answering scorn with scorn.
Satan is often called a sympathetic character in Paradise Lost, despite being the source of all evil, and in the first chapter the reader is presented with some of Satan's frustration. On their way across, they meet Satan returning to Hell. He is observed by Uriel, the archangel he tricked into pointing the way. Night falls in heaven and Satan retreats and calls a war council. He adds that if someone has managed to come into the Garden by crossing the wall, he and his assistants will find them by morning.
All the millions of rebel angels then gather in the Temple for a great council, shrinking themselves and become dwarves in order to fit. He describes how beautiful Eve is to him and the bliss of wedded love. Another Biblical allusion at this point is the simile of 856-857 comparing Satan's retreating army to a flock of sheep which will ultimately be driven off a cliff and fall. He then broke away from his chains and stood, and saw his second in command, Beelzebub. Basically, the created universe the earth, the sun, the planets, the stars, etc. The Garden is on top of a mountain offering only limited and difficult access.
Floods, fire, famine, harsh weather will all make man's life difficult. Gabriel promises to find him ere morning. Otherwise, if he is seen within the bounds of Paradise again, Gabriel himself would bring Satan back to hell to lock him there properly so that he cannot escape anymore. He takes the guise of many different animals in order to get closer to them. Satan accepts his own misery and realizes that he brings Hell with him wherever he goes now, as he is the incarnation of Hell, and will be unhappy even in Paradise.