Hitherto the defense has maintained that the circumstances of the case all pointed away from Sacco and Vanzetti. The hearing on the later motions took place on October 1, l923, and was the occasion of the entry into the case of Mr. The evidence excluded the possibility that five other bullets found in the dead bodies were fired by either Sacco or Vanzetti. Testimony suggested that Sacco's gun had been treated with little care, and frequently disassembled for inspection. On April 15, 1920, F.
The announcement of the death sentence triggered worldwide protests. The trial began on June 22, 1920. Now a new trial has been demanded because an impressive body of evidence tends to establish the guilt of others. Another factor that contributed to Italian-American crime was the high cost of living in the United States, which pushed many immigrants into participating in organized crime in an attempt to raise money for expenses such as rent. The Sacco-Vanzetti Affair: America on Trial. They maintained their old lodgings; they pursued openly their callings within a few miles of the town where they were supposed to have committed murder in broad daylight; and when arrested Sacco was found to have in his pocket an announcement of a forthcoming meeting at which Vanzetti was to speak.
Eventually, the police focused on Sacco and Vanzetti as their prime suspects. The men were Italian immigrants, workers, and anarchists. The other, Nicola Sacco, worked full-time as a shoe edger. Van Amburgh—who died in 1949—was succeeded in the laboratory by his son. The urgency of acting on this advice was intensified by the tragic news of Salsedo's death after Vanzetti's return from New York. As to Vanzetti, the Commonwealth adduced evidence placing him at the murder car.
On the witness stand Sacco and Vanzetti accounted for their movements on April 15. I say that not even a leprous dog would have his appeal refused two times by the Supreme Court of Massachusetts -- not even a leprous dog. Van Amburgh described a scene in which Thayer caught defense ballistics expert Hamilton trying to leave the courtroom with Sacco's gun. I remember in Italy, a long time ago, about sixty years ago, I should say, yes, about sixty years ago, the Government they could not control very much those two—devilment went on, and robbery, so one of the government in the cabinet he says, 'If you want to destroy those devilments, if you want to take off all those criminals, you ought to give a chance to Socialist literature, education of people, emancipation. He offered to conduct an independent examination of the gun and bullet forensic evidence by using techniques that he had developed for use with the comparison microscope. Executing political opponents as political opponents after the fashion of and we can understand, or bandits as bandits; but this business of trying and executing murderers as Reds, or Reds as murderers, seems to be a new and very frightening line for the courts of a State in the most powerful and civilized Union on earth to pursue.
The idea to go to Mexico arose in the minds of several comrades who were alarmed by the idea that, remaining in the United States, they would be forcibly restrained from leaving for Europe, where the revolution that had burst out in Russia that February promised to spread all over the continent. Up to the time that Sacco and Vanzetti testified to their radical activities, their pacifism, their flight to Mexico to avoid the draft, the trial was a trial for murder and banditry; with the cross-examination of Sacco and Vanzetti patriotism and radicalism became the dominant emotional issues. LeVangie's testimony was discredited by the testimony of McCarthy, a locomotive fireman of the New Haven, who testified that three quarters of an hour after the murders he had the following conversation with LeVangie:— LeVangie said, 'There was a shooting affair going on. A witness Kelley testified that the cap resembled in color and style a cap owned by Sacco. And he accepted your view? They probably did not trust them because they were foreigners and radicals. They could not deny his testimony or the weight that the prosecution and the Court had attached to it. For Writing and Discussion 1.
In the winter of 1920—1921, the Defense Committee sent stories to labor union publications every week. The importance of the Sacco-Vanzetti case remains not only because it called into question some of the fundamental assump- tions of American society, but because it calls into question some of the fundamental assumptions of American history. That court could not inquire whether the facts as set forth in the printed record justified the verdict. What physical evidence did the prosecution present? Sacco and Vanzetti were sentenced to death on 9th April, 1927. The defense produced 16 witnesses, all Italians from Plymouth, who testified that at the time of the attempted robbery they had bought from Vanzetti for , in accordance with their traditions. On this crucial issue Captain Proctor testified as follows at the trial:— Q. The character of the Morelli gang fits the opinion of police investigators and the inherent facts of the situation, which tended to prove that the crime was the work of professionals, whereas the past character and record of Sacco and Vanzetti have always made it inherently incredible that they should spontaneously become perpetrators of a bold murder, executed with the utmost expertness.
Stewart's theory that the crime was committed by these Italian radicals was not shared by the head of the state police, who always maintained that it was the work of professionals. In the meantime, however, Chief Stewart continued to work on his theory that whosoever called for Boda's car at Johnson's garage would be suspect of the Braintree crime. On August 3 the governor announced that he would follow the panel's recommendation and not grant Sacco and Vanzetti clemency. By then the dignity and the words of the two men had turned them into powerful symbols of social justice for many throughout the world. Thirteen witnesses either testified directly that Vanzetti was in Plymouth selling fish on the day of the murder or furnished corroboration of such testimony. Supreme Court, believed that the trial had been a travesty of justice and labored on the many posttrial motions. Unabashed, Hamilton maintained that someone connected with the prosecution had made the switch.
In the light of settled principles of the law of evidence, this ruling, though later sustained by the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, is indefensible. He described a light-haired man to some of the witnesses. Still the evidence in the trial is hotly debated. In opinion, as well as in fact, he was an outsider. Such perception and memory under such conditions can be easily proved to be psychologically impossible.
It is the testimony of a Quincy shopkeeper. What is the worth of identification testimony even when uncontradicted? The witnesses were not required to pick Sacco out a line-up. On cross examination, the prosecution found it easy to make the witnesses appear confused about dates. The mother has been suffering for building the young man. And what is your opinion? Hence, while he could not be charged with the Bridgewater crime, he was charged with the Braintree murder. A review could defend a judge whose decisions were challenged and make it less likely that a governor would be drawn into a case.