Gandhi on the Salt March The Satyagraha was a campaign of nonviolent protest against the British salt tax in colonial India which began with the Salt March to Dandi on March 12, 1930. Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action. Asian Survey 7 6 : pp. I have also called it Love-force or Soul-force. The salt tax was a deeply symbolic choice, since salt was used by nearly everyone in India.
As the Independence movement is essentially for the poorest in the land, the beginning will be made with this evil. Unpopular forest laws were defied in the Maharashtra, Carnatic now Karnataka , and Central Provinces. Aftermath The effects of the salt march were felt across India. The in 1928 was much more successful. However, it failed to result in major concessions from the British. The History of British India: A Chronology. The civil disobedience in 1930 marked the first time women became mass participants in the struggle for freedom.
The Salt March to Dandi, and the beating of hundreds of nonviolent protesters in Dharasana, demonstrated the effective use of civil disobedience as a technique for fighting social and political injustice. The Salt March to Dandi, concluding with the making of illegal salt by Gandhi on April 6, 1930, launched a nationwide protest against the British salt tax. Group after group walked forward, sat down, and submitted to being beaten into insensibility without raising an arm to fend off the blows. The Gandhi Reader: A Sourcebook of His Life and Writings. For me there is no turning back whether I am alone or joined by thousands.
In reaction to this, the British government had incarcerated over sixty thousand people at the end of the month. In December, 1929,the Indian National Congress declared that total independence for India was its avowed objective and to that effect January 26,1930 ,was celebrated as Independence Day throughout the country. Thousands of women, from large cities to small villages, became active participants in satyagraha. Gandhi chose the 1882 British Salt Act as the first target of satyagraha. The British government in India has not only deprived the Indian people of their freedom but has based itself on the exploitation of the masses, and has ruined India economically, politically, culturally and spiritually. The Dandi March can be called a turning point of the Indian freedom struggle.
The British responded with more laws, including censorship of correspondence and declaring the Congress and its associate organizations illegal. Thousands of people made salt, or bought illegal salt. By July, 67 nationalist newspapers and about 55 printing-presses had been shut down under the Press Ordinance. There was firing also in Delhi. Dandi march also known as salt Satyagraha was a protest against the salt tax.
The against the salt tax continued for almost a year, ending with Gandhi's release from jail and negotiations with at the Second. In Poona, where Gandhi was interned, resignations from the honorary offices and from services were announced at frequent intervals. The Satyagraha campaign of the 1930s also forced the British to recognize that their control of India depended entirely on the consent of the Indians — Salt Satyagraha was a significant step in the British losing that consent. Bardoli has shown the way and cleared it. When Gandhi broke the salt laws in Dandi at the conclusion of the march on April 6, 1930, it sparked large scale acts of civil disobedience against the by millions of Indians. Long before his comrades were up, he rose and began his correspondence. The Indian National Congress, led by Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru, issued the Declaration of Independence on January 26, 1930.
Mahatma Gandhi's great-grandson and several hundred fellow marchers followed the same route to Dandi. The ensuing publicity attracted world attention to the Indian independence movement and brought into question the legitimacy of British rule in India. Miller, Gandhi's Campaign Begins, The Nation, April 23, 1930. Preparing to march On February 5, newspapers reported that Gandhi would begin civil disobedience by defying the salt laws. A warrior's death is never a matter for sorrow. The in 1928 was much more successful.
In reaction, the British government incarcerated over sixty thousand people by the end of the month. On the first day Gandhiji and other members walked for 21kms and ended in the village of Aslali. As the Independence movement is essentially for the poorest in the land, the beginning will be made with this evil. The wanton disregard shown by them to popular feeling in the Legislative Assembly and their high-handed action leave no room for doubt that the policy of heartless exploitation of India is to be persisted in at any cost, and so the only interpretation I can put upon this non-interference is that the British Government, powerful though it is, is sensitive to world opinion which will not tolerate repression of extreme political agitation which civil disobedience undoubtedly is, so long as disobedience remains civil and therefore necessarily non-violent. At one point they sat down and waited for twenty-eight hours.
I felt an indefinable sense of helpless rage and loathing, almost as much against the men who were submitting unresistingly to being beaten as against the police wielding the clubs. Even the aged Kasturba Gandhi and Mrs. As people in the front fell, those behind came forward to expose themselves to the firing. But the real importance, to my mind, lay in the effect they had on our own people, and especially the village masses. Men like Malaviya and Aney threw in their lot with the Congress and courted jail. Thousands of satyagrahis and leaders like joined him. Even if the Government allow me to march tomorrow morning, this will be my last speech on the sacred banks of the Sabarmati.