Though some are obvious, some may need a little clarification. This keeps you, the writer, from being off-task. It also helps to take away any type of ambiguity or confusion surrounded around grading; the student knows exactly what the teacher is looking for and what to do in order to correct a poor score. Thank you for a great time of learning, your workshop provided. Once they have some independent paragraphs which are loosely related with that initial thesis, they organize the paragraphs into a logical order, editing the thesis as necessary. I'm sure I'll use your services again.
We believe in the gradual release of responsibility approach to teaching as the best way for teachers and their students to master the concepts in the Jane Schaffer Writing Program. But like many formulas, with specific guidelines and structures, you may be tempted to ask the questions; All of this for an essay? Reason 2 You restate to wrap up what you said in the paragraph. This is the main idea of the paragraph. This is a quote from a book or a fact. Commentary Sentences Commentary sentences are explanations of the concrete detail with your personal insight or analysis. Examples can be seen below these can be placed directly in front of your concrete detail ; The third sentence that is used with this formula refers to the author's opinion or evaluation of the concrete detail that was presented.
And what a great bargain! This method calls for the following order of sentence writing; a topic sentence b concrete detail c two commentary sentences d and a concluding sentence. I am so pleased you are carrying on her legacy. I learned a lot from reading it. In writing a Schaffer paragraph, keep in mind several things: do not write in first person, there can be more than five sentences in one paragraph for as long as there are two 2 Commentaries for every Concrete Detail, and always use the present tense. The conclusion sentence of a paragraph should be insightful but does not have to be as comprehensive as the ones found in the conclusion of an. So along with interpreting this information more detail can be also be extracted by looking at 'deeper issues' that may be present for instance, trying to understand the true meaning of it, or even looking at it in a more abstract or alternative manner depending on the nature of the subject.
This demonstrates his willingness to consider other viewpoints. I got an A for my research paper! Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. I would like to request more materials on close reading strategies if you have them. Reason 1 You restate to remind the reader what you told them. There can be several commentary lines depending on the length of your paragraphs. Schaffer's format ensures that each paragraph is fully developed by designating specific types of sentences, a set number for these sentences 5-8 to be exact and a specific order when composing them.
It tells the reader what you will be discussing. Something broad enough to fit the two or three concrete details. In some cases, this sentence is called the Thesis Statement. I first have students write independent paragraphs about a given idea. Understanding Schaffer's terminology When constructing an essay following the Schaffer method, by choice or due to the request of an instructor, it's important to understand the exact meaning of each of term that Schaffer utilizes. The multi-paragraph essay structure was coined by Jane Schaffer in an effort to provide students and teachers with a consistent and proven formula for constructing essays. The Jane Schaffer paragraph is usually composed of five sentences, and each sentence has a specific function.
Topic Sentence The topic sentence of a paragraph is simply the main idea and should reflect the primary concept or message that is being conveyed. Thank you for the work you do! Concrete Detail The concrete detail that is provided after the topic sentence is simply a statement that supports what was previously mentioned. The method is backed by Schaffer's own research on the most effective means of crafting an essay as well as the best techniques to use in order to generate high paper scores. Likewise, a good conclusion sentence should also be a connecting one; therefore it will sufficiently prepare the reader for the next topic sentence that is to come. Her passing was devastating news as she was my greatest mentor, but she never knew it. Teachers apply their understanding of combining details and analysis in order to produce effective paragraphs and essays. How many sentences do you need in the Jane Schaffer writing format? Commentary: It also suggests that he was willing to risk the treasures of his good name and economic security in order to show the community the demands of conscience.
Commentary Sentences Commentary sentences come after the concrete detail to give more information to support the topic sentence. You must follow the guidelines specifically. And the key terms to remember in doing so are concrete detail and commentary. Whenever I got the chance, I would go to her workshop updates. Meaning that the detail is not simply placed alone in the paragraph. I am excited to implement the strategies I have learned, in my classroom , especially in the close reading and deconstruction of assigned readings.
Concluding The third pig is wise. Its a good idea to first introduce it by providing a signal or transitional phrase. Likewise, the placement of the commentary sentences after the concrete ones also indicates to students that it's necessary for them to evaluate or expand upon the evidence that they present and not to just leave it 'in the air' for the audience to decipher its relevance on their own. We are reading Tom Sawyer with 7th grade right now and I have just introduced a very simple five sentence paragraph to them that includes a topic sentence, one chunk, and a concluding sentence. The following terms relate to Schaffer's paragraph structure and are listed in the order that they should appear when written. Finally, they write the introductory paragraph around their thesis and a conclusion.
With the Schaffer method in particular some features do stand out; which make it a desirable writing tool for students and teachers alike. The main objective of the commentary is to explain how the evidence supports the writer's primary point, argument or objective. The first sentence in the paragraph. And the color coding has always been a favorite component! Furthermore, he acted on his mother's advice by building a house made of bricks. I couldn't have done the essay myself. Use a circle to write in. And though this formula is generally introduced and utilized amongst high school students, others may also benefit from it as well possibly if faced with a blank page and no idea where to start! They can help to explain and support the concrete detail sentence.
How do we finish our paragrah? For instance, for a concrete detail you may choose to provide. This also shows that… 2. How to Write Schaffer Paragraph. His respect for his mother's advice also indicated his awareness that those with more experience can potentially help one avoid mistakes. The 8 Paragraph Breakdown 1. .