Carrying things which can be used as weapons as well The Supreme Court has held in K. There is no question of common intention in Section 149. In the toddy godown of A-7 from Vanchiyurkadavilla these vehicles were seen abandoned and from a Maruti car having registration No. Food Security — focusing on the four main courses of hunger and working with communities to improve availability of quality of food. It was alleged by the prosecution that Gunasekharan A-17 purchased two barrels of methyl alcohol as part of the criminal conspiracy from Arihant Chemicals, Bangalore and the same was entrusted to Anil Kumar A-16 for import to Kerala for the purpose of its mixing with the spirit ethyl alcohol and for sale by Manikantan Kochani A-4 , Chandran Manichan A-7 , Vinod Kumar A-8 , Balachandran A-15 , Usha A-18 , Sugathan A-19 , Vijayan A-20 , Rassuludeen A-21 , Suresh Sankaran A-22 , Binu Monkuttan A-23. That is apart from the fact that in this case itself to say that the accused did not know about the properties of methanol would be wrong.
Learned counsel further argued that if the witness is found reliable then his evidence must be corroborated in material particulars. Virendra Singh and Hakim Singh were armed with lathis and Kamlesh was armed with a rifle. The court accordingly set aside the sentence of death in case of Pandurang and altered it to ten years of rigorous imprisonment. He has given a complete graphic description of what happened. Director of Public Prosecutions, 1935 A. The criminal act must be to further the common intention of all, and iii.
Further the Section was criticized on the ground that compelling the accused to state the facts constituting offence under Section 57A by operation of sub-section 5 was opposed to mandate of Article 20 3 amounted to and compelled him to be a witness to prove his innocence. Similar incidents had taken place within the limits of Mangalapuram police station and the crime was registered there also. But that does not mean when it was mixed on other day for months together that it was not injurious. The convicted accused filed appeals before the High Court. For instance, A and В both want to kill X who is blackmailing them. The provision was also criticized as providing unconscionable procedure. In our opinion, therefore, his conviction for offence punishable under Section 57A 2 is justified.
Each person is liable for the result of them all, as if he had done them himself. Goal: Financial Customer Internal process Learning and growth Mary set up three strategic themes to pursue, the operational levers, people and organization levers that assisted in achieving those options. In fact illegally importing ethyl alcohol and mixing the same with methanol was a regular trading activity on the part of A-7. Vasudevan and was found in the possession of this accused. He had undoubtedly put a very tall bid for those licences and could not have afforded to continue merely on the basis of those 26 toddy shops. The decision of Patna High Court was reversed. We accordingly, confirm his conviction.
King Emp, the accused persons including the appellant formed a common intention to rob a post office. Shri Joshua has given the graphic description of all the places where the activity of mixing used to go on. Not a single blow was given by him to the deceased. The Supreme Court held that though common object of the accused thus was not proved but their common intention was formed during the transaction on the spot though initially this too was not in existence. He spoke about the electronic machine, hand machine and the process of filling the concoction in the plastic cans. Such other act in furtherance may be a preliminary act necessary for achieving the common intention, or it may be done while achieving it or it may be done after achieving it.
The same expression is used in the proviso to S. Several persons can simultaneously attack a man and each can have the same intention, namely the intention to kill, and each can individually inflict a separate fatal blow and yet none would have the common intention required by the section because there was no prior meeting of minds to form a pre-arranged plan. Section 58B which was also challenged was severally criticized as being unfair and unjust. When they had travelled for about a mile downstream, they saw Mohammad Shah, father of Wali Shah absconder bathing on the bank of the river. In Willie William Slaney v.
From all this voluminous evidence ultimately the Sessions Judge came to the conclusion that A-4, A-8, A-25, 30, and others were the close associates of accused No. State of Madhya Pradesh, the accused persons armed with lathis chased the unarmed deceased. It was then stated that liberty would not always be an absolute licence but must arm itself within the confines of law, In other words, there can be no 2liberty without social restraint. It simply gives recognition to the common sense principle that if two or more persons intentionally do a thing jointly, it is just the same as if each of them had done it individually. Individual liability for acts done in furtherance of common intention is incurred vicariously only when a criminal act is done by several persons in furtherance of the common intention of all.
What has to be, therefore, established by the prosecution is that all the concerned persons had shared the common intention. So also from these premises the vehicles with fake numbers, they being M. It is therefore extremely rare that direct evidence in proof of conspiracy can be forthcoming from wholly disinterested quarters or from utter strangers. They were of Kerala State Bewerage Corporation allegedly signed by the Excise Commissioner. Whereas, section 149, deals with the common object of the unlawful assembly. The High Court has considered the appeals filed by various accused before it separately. The plan or the concert must be before the commission of the crime and that is why it is called pre-arranged plan or prior concert.