The antecedent condition is the forces that acted on the person before he became our subject, forces that shaped his basic orientation to the social world and laid the groundwork for obedience. The Normalisation Theory This theory focuses on the mainstream social trends of social devaluation or deviancy making. Simply asking someone to perform a task is a request for compliance. One of his colleagues, Diana Baumrind, however, strongly disagreed with Milgram and has good reasons to criticize his experiment. A study I would personally recommend is Asch's study into majority influence. Those who are of spiritual leaders perceive him to be a legitimate authority and obey his orders. The label stated very clearly that this was dangerous.
Obedience and Conformity are two forms of social behaviors and influences that are apparent in human relations and group formations. Quality of writing The Quality of Written Communication is quite poor. It is not an order or command from one who is superior or in an authorial position, still the individual complies. One way that he is shown to be a legitimate authority figure is by interpreting the scriptures for his followers. The Milgram experiment was a social experiment on the obedience. Finally obedience and compliance can, for the sake of much of the above, be considered the same thing as while compliance is a request and obedience is an order, both are requesting that the subject comply with the demand. One of these most famous psychologists is Solomon Asch.
What are similarities and differences between conformity, compliance and obedience? Give one example of the behaviour of the subjects that indicated extreme tension. Every person at some time in their life has followed a superior without questioning why they are doing what they are doing. Moreover, both these traits highlight a certain degree of surrender to another person. It is this pressure that makes people to conform. However, whether social norms are implicit, formal or informal, most individuals who chose to embrace social reality tend to follow the rules most of the time. It concludes that conformity stands apart from compliance and obedience, which share more similarities than differences. During the study, head figures instructed participants to perform acts that would normally conflict with their personal morality.
If there were any breaches, were they justified? It provides distinctions between compliance, conformity, and obedience literature. What are the similarities and differences between conformity, compliance, and obedience? It showed me that the average person would follow an order regardless of their personal beliefs as long as they were guaranteed that it was justified in some way shape or form, or otherwise reassured that the person they would supposedly be harming would make it through with their life intact and only sustain minimal if any damage. Authority, Milgram experiment, Obedience 1729 Words 5 Pages Solomon Asch - Conformity Experiment Asch believed that the main problem with Sherif's 1935 conformity experiment was that there was no correct answer to the ambiguous autokinetic experiment. The Asch 1951 experiment involved subjects performing a perception task, saying which of a selection of lines matched a control line in length. Then the learner, who was an actor, was strapped.
Power of Authority There is a direct power of authority that influences others to be obedient whereas the power of authority in conformity is indirect. Conformity is a trait that makes people behave according to the wishes of others. Asch conformity experiments, Milgram experiment, Obedience 1318 Words 4 Pages Milgram 1963 Past-paper Questions 1. This experiment caused a lot of controversy and one woman in particular believed that this experiment was immoral. In the Milgram study on obedience, the subjects were observed to show a lot of tension. Conformity and obedience are two such social character traits in humans. It can also be defined as the phenomenon where a person is yielding to explicit instructions or orders from an authority figure.
Both these traits display similarity with regard to the degree of surrender under authoritative powers. The Silence of the Library:Environment, Situational Norm, and Social Behavior. While compliance and obedience are the result of social expectations, self-gain, and fear of conflict or punishment, conformity also has a stronger ethological cause: The perceptions and behaviours of the majority are likely to be more accurate and conducive to survival than those of the individual or minority. What is the difference between Obedience and Conformity? When someone tries to persuade another person it is the intention of the individual to do so, while social influence can come from intentional as well as unintentional acts. Since it has been ingrained into them by society that authority figures are to be obeyed it is easy for the leader who is usually charismatic to make his followers obey without question. Introduction Social influence involves efforts by one or more people to change the behaviour, attitudes, or feelings of one or more others Cialdini, 2000, 2006.
However, the main difference between conformity and obedience is that the influence of authority in conformity is indirect whereas it is direct in obedience. What did they find out? Ingratiation and flattery has been shown to correlate with improved compliance, as has performing small favours for the subject and a positive self-presentation Gordon, 1996. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 277 — 283 Burger, J. How can granfalloon techniques be resisted? As in compliance, there is a change in outward behavior and it does not necessarily affect the private belief system. The superego, conscience, or some similar mechanism that pits moral ideals against the uncontrolled expression of impulses fulfills this function. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 36 2 , 126-146. Social influence and group dynamics.
Naïve participants always gave their answer last or second to last. The former refers to influence based on sharing of facts or persuasive arguments about the issue, and the latter refers to conformity to implicit decision norms and others' preferences. This second helps to explain how the holocaust happened as people were in a sense brainwashed to believe that Jewish people, gypsies, and homosexuals were less human, which permitted them to overlook and carry out the atrocities that occurred. The three people involved were: the one running the experiment, the subject of the experiment a volunteer, and a person pretending to be a volunteer. User assumes all risk of use, damage, or injury. Conformity is generally an internalising of the social norms, where the subject takes these and incorporates them into their own paradigm.