The examples below are common vulgarisms. More important, as things turned out, he tucked in a reef. Modern readers have little esteem for the dramatists of the Restoration. Similar in principle to the enclosing of parenthetic expressions between commas is the setting off by commas of phrases or dependent clauses preceding or following the main clause of a sentence. They are transvestite hermaphrodites representing absolutely nothing. Blake and myself stayed home. Make the paragraph the unit of composition.
A colon may introduce a quotation that supports or contributes to the preceding clause. Use the singular form only. Another hackneyed word; like factor, it usually adds nothing to the sentence in which it occurs. The hen, or the play, lays an egg; the llama lies down. The habitual use of the active voice, however, makes for forcible writing. Rules , , , and cover the most important principles in the punctuation of ordinary sentences; they should be so thoroughly mastered that their application becomes second nature. Leave a blank line, or its equivalent in space, after the title or heading of a manuscript.
Daisy and I in time found asylum in a small menagerie down by the railroad tracks. A cliche, and a fuzzy one. But who am I to judge? A present participle as a verbal, on the other hand, takes the objective case. Confusion and ambiguity result when words are badly placed. If there is room at the end of a line for one or more syllables of a word, but not for the whole word, divide the word, unless this involves cutting off only a single letter, or cutting off only two letters of a long word. A loose sentence formed with but can usually be converted into a periodic sentence formed with although. A singular subject remains singular even if other nouns are connected to it by with, as well as, in addition to, except, together with, and no less than.
Express coordinate ideas in similar form. A Tale of Two Cities; Dickens's Tale of Two Cities. As long as it holds together, a paragraph may be of any length — a single, short sentence or a passage of great duration. When both a city's name and that city's state or country's name are mentioned together, the state or country's name is treated as a parenthetical element. There is no defense for such punctuation as Marjories husband, Colonel Nelson paid us a visit yesterday.
Understanding is that penetrating quality of knowledge that grows from: theory, practice, conviction, assertion, error, and humiliation. Oglethorp was chair of the meeting. An is always treated as a parenthetical element, as is an. The effectiveness of the periodic sentence arises from the prominence it gives to the main statement. The Superintendent of the Chicago Division, who No ambiguity results from the above. The writer must address his readers' concerns. Napoleon was born in 1769.
Young and inexperienced, I thought the task easy. The corrected version, consequently, is simply a guess at the writer's intention. That said, I believe you may be mistaken and that you owe your colleague an apology. Note that if the second clause is preceded by an adverb, such as accordingly, besides, so, then, therefore, or thus, and not by a conjunction, the semicolon is still required. As a general practice, give the references in parentheses or in footnotes, not in the body of the sentence. Garrison, keep on making typos! The culprit, it turned out, was he. Thousands of them perish in obscurity, a few are great names.
Use Commas With Caution As you can see, there are many reasons for using commas, and we haven't listed them all. One of the most frequent errors in comma usage is the placement of a comma after a coordinating conjunction. Use a comma to avoid confusion. She found only two mistakes. In proportion as men delight in battles, bullfights, and combats of gladiators, will they punish by hanging, burning, and the rack.
Will Jane or he be hired, do you think? Everybody thinks he has a unique sense of humor. Project Gutenberg believes the Court has no jurisdiction over the matter, but until the issue is resolved during appeal, it will comply. Now compare a few variations: Times like these try men's souls. Use expect in the sense of simple expectation. The line is sometimes difficult to draw; doubtless plays are divided into acts, but poems are composed of stanzas.
A careful and honest writer does not need to worry about style. Failing health compelled him to leave college. In both these examples, the first period should be replaced by a comma and the following word begun with a small letter. Has your staff also noticed this tendency? It usually follows an independent clause and should not separate a verb from its complement or a preposition from its object. He can neither eat nor sleep. It was both a long ceremony and very tedious.
Remember, too, that a pause in reading is not always a reliable reason to use a comma. Write with nouns and verbs. There was great dissatisfaction with the arbitrators' decision in favor of the company. Rather, very, little, pretty — these are the leeches that infest the pond of prose, sucking the blood of words. At that time Corsica had but recently been acquired by France. The longer, the more complicated the sentence the greater the number of the same kinds of words I had following one after another, the more the very more I had of them the more I felt the passionate need of their taking care of themselves by themselves and not helping them, and thereby enfeebling them by putting in a comma.