He is the worlds heart. They look backward and not forward. I was extremely surprised to see that he not only presented a speech but presented one that has had a great impact on the American society. One is seal, and one is print. The astronomer discovers that geometry, a pure abstraction of the human mind, is the measure of planetary motion.
Adolf Hitler, for example, somehow managed to persuade much of Germany to follow his beliefs, and actually convinced them to perform unspeakable actions towards his enemies. When the mind is braced by labor and invention, the page of whatever book we read becomes luminous with manifold allusion. Illustration by David Herbick The public sphere is the center of free speech in American democracy. I pierce its order; I dissipate its fear; I dispose of it within the circuit of my expanding life. By and by it finds how to join two things and see in them one nature; then three, then three thousand; and so, tyrannized over by its own unifying instinct, it goes on tying things together, diminishing anomalies, discovering roots running under ground whereby contrary and remote things cohere and flower out from one stem. The scholar must be independent, courageous, and original;in thinking and acting, the scholar must demonstrate that America is not thetimid society it is assumed to be. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2003.
He sees his bushel and his cart, and nothing beyond, and sinks into the farmer, instead of Man on the farm. Emerson assumed the doctrine of evolution to be sufficiently established by the anatomical evidence of gradual development. Not so with our recent actions,--with the business which we now have in hand. Goethe, in this very thing the most modern of the moderns, has shown us, as none ever did, the genius of the ancients. I firmly believe that Americans should have equal access to this ideal of an American Dream in order for it not to be considered just mere notion. Let him look into its eye and search its nature, inspect its origin,--see the whelping of this lion,--which lies no great way back; he will then find in himself a perfect comprehension of its nature and extent; he will have made his hands meet on the other side, and can henceforth defy it, and pass on superior.
The astronomer discovers that geometry, a pure abstraction of the human mind, is the measure of planetary motion. Historically, there is thought to be a difference in the ideas which predominate over successive epochs, and there are data for marking the genius of the Classic, of the Romantic, and now of the Reflective or Philosophical age. Whilst the world hangs before the eye as a cloud of beauty, we cannot even see its beauty. Colleges, in like manner, have their indispensable office, — to teach elements. Its attractions are the keys which unlock my thoughts and make me acquainted with myself. The astronomer discovers that geometry, a pure abstraction of the human mind, is the measure of planetary motion. They cast the dignity of man from their downtrod selves upon the shoulders of a hero, and will perish to add one drop of blood to make that great heart beat, those giant sinews combat and conquer.
An active person has a richer existence than a scholar who merely undergoes a second-hand existencethrough the words and thoughts of others. The soul active sees absolute truth; and utters truth, or creates. Its laws are the laws of his own mind. The manufacture goes forward at all hours. In other words it was not written to protect women or people of color. There is one man of genius who has done much for this philosophy of life, whose literary value has never yet been rightly estimated:—I mean Emanuel Swedenborg. Henceforth it is an object of beauty, however base its origin and neighborhood.
We see with our feet. Good examples of this are the disappearance of powerful fangs from the mouth of man, the loss of power in the wings of barnyard fowls; and, vice versa, as new uses for a member arise, its structure changes to meet the new needs. That which had been negligently trodden under foot by those who were harnessing and provisioning themselves for long journeys into far countries, is suddenly found to be richer than all foreign parts. Goethe, in this very thing the most modern of the moderns, has shown us, as none ever did, the genius of the ancients. I have now spoken of the education of the scholar by nature, by books, and by action.
This, he argued, was what drove American intellectuals to mimic popular foreign ideas and works, making their own more marketable, and why he thought 'our American colleges will recede in their public importance, whilst they grow richer every year. The fable implies that the individual, to possess himself, must sometimes return from his own labor to embrace all the other laborers. Men are become of no account. Meek young men grow up in libraries, believing it their duty to accept the views, which Cicero, which Locke, which Bacon, have given, forgetful that Cicero, Locke, and Bacon were only young men in libraries, when they wrote these books. This revolution is to be wrought by the gradual domestication of the idea of Culture. They are such as become Man Thinking. Without it, thought can never ripen into truth.
So much of nature as he is ignorant of, so much of his own mind does he not yet possess. The black gown worn occasionally in America and always in England at the universities; the distinctive academic dress is a cap and gown. What is needed to complete or fill up some quantity or thing. Instantly it is raised, transfigured; the corruptible has put on incorruption. But they can only highly serve us when they aim not to drill, but to create; when they gather from far every ray of various genius to their hospitable halls, and by the concentrated fires set the hearts of their youth on flame. The sacredness which attaches to the act of creation, — the act of thought, — is transferred to the record.
We sought a brother, and lo, a governor. This perception of the worth of the vulgar is fruitful in discoveries. One of the most popular of English poets. Instantly we know whose words are loaded with life, and whose not. It now endures, it now flies, it now inspires. Not he is great who can alter matter, but he who can alter my state of mind. Let the grandeur of justice shine in his affairs.
The meal in the firkin; the milk in the pan; the ballad in the street; the news of the boat; the glance of the eye; the form and the gait of the body; — show me the ultimate reason of these matters; show me the sublime presence of the highest spiritual cause lurking, as always it does lurk, in these suburbs and extremities of nature; let me see every trifle bristling with the polarity that ranges it instantly on an eternal law; and the shop, the plough, and the leger, referred to the like cause by which light undulates and poets sing; — and the world lies no longer a dull miscellany and lumber-room, but has form and order; there is no trifle; there is no puzzle; but one design unites and animates the farthest pinnacle and the lowest trench. It is a shame to him if his tranquility, amid dangerous times, arise from the presumption that like children and women his is a protected class; or if he seek a temporary peace by the diversion of his thoughts from politics or vexed questions, hiding his head like an ostrich in the flowering bushes, peeping into microscopes, and turning rhymes, as a boy whistles to keep his courage up. Our anniversary is one of hope, and, perhaps, not enough of labor. He is to resist the vulgar prosperity that retrogrades ever to barbarism, by preserving and communicating heroic sentiments, noble biographies, melodious verse, and the conclusions of history. The First Amendment as now understood—as rules that courts make and have made interpreting free speech—is often beside the point. Hence, the book-learned class, who value books, as such; not as related to nature and the human constitution, but as making a sort of Third Estate with the world and the soul. But the genius, too, can suffer from the undue influence of books.