Wolfgang Kapp was leader of the Patriotic Party and Luttwitz was leader of the Freikorps. In times of crisis, these presidential powers would prove decisive. Hyperinflation in the early 1920s and then the Great Depression from 1929 meant that the Weimar Republic never really prospered, and caused social upheaval in the form of a crime wave, as well as being tainted from the start by its association with the embarrassing Treaty of… 2058 Words 9 Pages The Weimar republic from 1919 to 1929 had many successes and failures, starting in chaos and ending in relative stability. Firstly, Weimar Republic had the opportunity to survive. The instability of the Weimar Republic can be attributed to the fact that government did not have clear goals or popular support, and the remaining appeal of military force and firm control among the German citizenry.
The German army refused to fire upon the Freikorps in Berlin, meaning the new government had to flee. This created a situation where government was detrimentally left without a clear-cut message to the people. He believed that disputes between nations should be settled via negotiation and diplomacy. By 1928, however, the Spartacists had 54 representatives, more than four times that of the Nazis. A serious threat came in particular from the extreme forces of the right wing nationalism who despised this new democracy.
They mobilised their supporters and quickly took control of communication centers and. Their movement continued to grow at a rate much faster than that of the Nazis, the current conservative government had failed economically, and they were portrayed by both the media and themselves as a bigger threat. Culture Weimar Germany was a center of artistic innovation, great creativity, and considerable experimentation. The Chancellor and the Cabinet needed to be approved by the Reichstag legislature and needed the Reichstag's continued support to stay in power. Following the destruction of the old totalitarian German Empire, a new democratic republic was put into place.
It empowered the cabinet to legislate without the approval of Reichstag or the President, and to enact laws that were contrary to the constitution. On the night of 12-13 March Luttwitz led his Freikorps into Berlin where they seized the government district of the city. The German newspapers were exceptionally desperate to halt the march of communism with powerful images; the Freikorps never received propaganda as strong as this. However, the endless protests, strikes and uprisings by the extreme left gave the impression of a Bolshevik inspired threat to Germany. This ranged from the fascist control in Italy under Mussolini to the Stalinist regime of the Soviet Union.
These disturbing images clearly demonstrate the threat of the Spartacists; if the public image of communism was for it to be destroying Germany's military, it was clearly a large threat to the Weimar Republic. You should also be able to review and evaluate the progress of the Weimar Republic during this period and come to a judgement… Words 1099 - Pages 5 faced by the Republic 1919-23? In Vienna and Berlin, similar revolutions occurred. This was swiftly followed by a worryingly successful revolutionary uprising in Berlin, where newspaper offices were seized and extreme left wing committees formed. It would seem that the collapse of the republic was inevitable. Certainly the bitterness at Germany's defeat in the World War I and the humiliation of the Treaty of Versailles had not been forgotten but most Germans appeared to have come to terms with the new Republic and its leaders. Using his legislative majority and the support of Hindenburg's emergency presidential powers, Hitler proceeded to destroy the Weimar Republic. The left wing was also almost entirely committed to class struggle and revolution, subsequently and obviously hostile to the new Republic.
Army commander Von Seeckt saw the need to support Stresemann's policy of fulfilment so that Germany could gain stability and time to recover; but the Army tolerated rather than supported democracy. Consequently, as a result of right wing propaganda, many Germans began to have exaggerated fears about the possibility of impending revolution. He worked to create good relations between Germany and her neighbors, particularly France. A notable example is the Kapp Putsch. From the years between 1918 and 1928 Germany faced many problems, before beginning to find her feet again.
It enjoyed 10-15% of the vote and there were continuous revolutionary disturbances such as the Spartacist rising 1919, the Bavarian Soviet republic 1919, Red Rising in the Ruhr 1920, March Operation in Meresberg 1921 and the German October in Saxony 1923 these risings show that the left could have been a major threat to the Weimar republic, there were also many protests, strikes and uprisings. The threats to the Republic from the right wing forces were apparent and dangerously real in the early part of 1920. The Nazis nearly disintegrated with their leader and on 24th December 1924, Hitler was released after nine months in prison. Immediate success followed; a large general strike paralysed the capital, and the rebels fell heavily out of favour. Also, they would stand nothing to gain by deserting the Weimar Republic's government as it would provide the communists' a wide open opportunity to take over. In January 1923 French and Belgian troops occupied the Ruhr to ensure that the reparations were paid in goods, such as coal from the Ruhr and other industrial zones of Germany.
However, due to individual perspective these successes and failures were often viewed as both successes and failures- not either. I demonstrate that the political strategy employed by the Nazi Party was the decisive factor in the Nazis winning elections and eventually obtaining power. However, Hitler was only able to do this by masquerading as a socialist. Since the area was not producing any goods, Germany's economy suffered greatly and lost a lot of money. If the Spartacists were portrayed this way, the government was clearly terrified of them. Overall this essay will argue that the other factors such as economical and consitional issues were the main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic. .