The Central Government and State Government cooperate for the well-being and safety of the citizens of India. Legislative Assembly is also called as Vidhan Sabha. Both the union and the state governments are competent to legislate on subjects in the concurrent list. Get information about the South district of Sikkim state. The consists of the and 30 associate justices, all appointed by the president on the advice of the.
However, the laws made by the Parliament under this provision shall cease to have effect on the expiration of a period of six months after the Proclamation has ceased to operate, except as respects things done or omitted to be done before the expiry of the said period. It acts as the guardian of national purse. Executive Powers of State not to interfere with Executive Power of Union: Article 257 of the Constitution provides that the executive power of every state shall be so exercised as not to impede or prejudice the exercise of the executive power of the Union, and the executive power of the Union shall extend to giving of such directions to a state as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose. Both Houses of Parliament together elect the Vice- President of India. The members of the Rajya Sabha elect their own Deputy Chairman. Similar to the union government, individual state governments each consist of executive, legislative and judiciary. Users can download forms for certificate of identification, marriage registration etc.
In case of a bicameral state legislature, the upper house is known as State Legislative Council Vidhan Parishad and the lower house as the State Legislative Assembly Vidhan Sabha. Since the inauguration of the Constitution many States have added second chambers to their legislatures whereas some others have abolished their second chambers for political reasons. It safeguards of citizens and settles disputes between various governments in the country. The legislative council enjoys a tenure of six years with one third of its members retiring every two years. However, it does exercise some control over the. All subjects for legislative purposes have been divided into three lists namely.
The tenure of Vidhan Sabha is five years, but the Governor can dissolve it before the completion of its term on the advice of the Chief Minister. In 1954, Rajya Sabha passed a special resolution where by food stuffs, including edible oils, oil seeds, cattle fodder were brought on the concurrent list, thereby enabling the central government to legislate on these subjects. The meetings of the Lok Sabha are presided over by Speaker who is elected by all its members from amongst themselves. The members of these services are posted on key posts in the states, but remain loyal to the Union Government. The Union budget is preceded by an which outlines the broad direction of the budget and the economic performance of the country for the outgoing financial year India's non-development revenue expenditure had increased nearly five-fold in 2003—04 since 1990—91 and more than tenfold since 1985—1986. Legally the law-making powers are exercised by the President-in-Parliament. However, the proviso to article 254 2 lays down that parliament may again supersede state legislation which has been assented to by the president under clause 2 by making a law on the same matter.
Presently in the states of Bihar, Maharashtra, Mysore, Punjab, Utter Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir the state legislatures consist of two Houses. In all such cases the legislature exercises its constituent powers under a number of procedural restrictions. It is here that the Assembly has its role to play. If any State failed to comply with any directions given by the Union in exercise of its executive power, then President may hold that, a situation has arisen in which the Government of the State cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution. Where it does not expressly do so, even then state law will be repealed by necessary implication.
These are given to help the state financially to fulfill plan targets Art. If the law enacted by the legislature is found in substance and in reality beyond the competence of the legislature enacting it, it will be ultra vires and void, even though it apparently purports to be within the competence of the legislature enacting it. Appointment of High Dignitaries: Union has major say in appointment and removal of Governor and appointment of Judges of High Court and Members of State Public Service Commission. The Union list consists of 99 items. It elects its presiding and deputy presiding officers.
Powers of State Legislature: 1. It has at present a strength of 545 members, out of which 523 are the elected representatives of the people of the States of the Union, 20 are the elected representatives of the people of Union Territories, and two are nominated members belonging to the Anglo-Indian Community. He is elected by members of assembly from among themselves. Just like Canada in India also residuary powers, i. Regulatory Functions Under Parliamentary System of government the legislature exercises its immediate and direct control over the executive.
Although the organisation, nature and functions of the legislatures differ from country to country, their main functions are more or less the same. Legislature is a deliberative assembly having the authority to make, amend or repel laws for any country state or any political entity is called legislature. Thus the Cabinet is the core group of ministers within the Council of Ministers. A cut motion passed or a rejection of any money bill by the Lok Sabha means a vote of no- confidence against the Council of Ministers, and it has to resign. Theoretically it can make law on all matters included in the state list and the concurrent list. Legislation by a State can be disallowed by the President, when reserved by the Governor for his consideration.