Cronus also spelled Kronos and Cronos , the youngest Titan, finally agreed to do it. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B. However, this theory has been widely rejected. Rieu Greek epic C3rd B. According to myth, Uranus came to Gaia every night and sired the children upon her, but he disliked all of them. The males were Kronos Cronus , Hyperion, Koios Coeus , Iapetos Iapetus , Krios Crius and Okeanos Oceanus , and their sisters were Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoibe Phoebe and Tethys. In a differing version Uranus was frightened of their great strength and the fact that they could easily depose him.
Zeus grew up, then Zeus gave him poison that made Cronus throw up all of his children at once. The union between Uranus and Gaia produced 12 gigantic children called the Titans. Though there were land and sea and air, the land no foot could tread, no creature swim the sea, the air was lightless; nothing kept its form, all objects were at odds, since in one mass cold essence fought with hot, and moist with dry, and hard with soft and light with things of weight. Legacy of Uranus After Uranus was castrated, he predicted that his son would likewise be overthrown by his own offspring just as he had been. Rouse Greek epic C5th A. She bore also the fruitless deep with his raging swell, Pontos Pontus, Sea , without sweet union of love. Kronos Cronus , according to tradition, is the son of Ouranos Uranus, Heaven ; but the upward gaze is rightly called by the name heavenly ourania , looking at the things above horô ta anô , and the astronomers say, Hermogenes, that from this looking people acquire a pure mind, and Ouranos is correctly named.
As the first male and the father of all living things, Uranus remained the quintessential male, which is why his symbol has become the universal symbol for male. Cronus then took possession of the vacant throne, intending to rule the universe forever. Harken you now to me, one and all, and grant that I may bear a child apart from Zeus. Mozley Roman epic C1st A. This subject was handled by Zeno and was later explained more fully by Cleanthes and Chrysippus. She shaped a great flint-bladed sickle and asked her sons to castrate Uranus.
Trypanis Greek poet C3rd B. And Ouranos Uranus, Sky trembled to hear, and Mother Gaia Gaea, Earth. Evelyn-White Greek epic C8th or C7th B. Oldfather Greek historian C1st B. Sale concluded that the earlier seat of the gods was the actual Mount Olympus, from which the epic tradition by the time of Homer had transported them to the sky, Ouranos. O'Neill Greek comedy C5th to 4th B. Translation Sky, Heaven Aeon-Uranus and the Zodiac-Wheel, Greco-Roman mosaic C3rd A.
According to Hesiod's Theogony, Uranus was conceived by Gaia alone, but other sources cite Aether as his father. Only her youngest son Cronus agreed to the plot, because he wanted to replace his father as leader of the gods. Jones Greek travelogue C2nd A. Zeus, through deception by his mother Rhea, avoided this fate. Uranus was created by Gaea in order to surround and cover her, but soon he became her mate and together they produced the remaining twelve Titans, three and three , hundred handed creatures, which Uranus used to loathe. After Uranus the sky had been emasculated, the sky separated from Gaia the earth and Cronus became king of the gods. Fearful of his children overthrowing him, Uranus pushed his children one by one back into the womb of his wife Gaea.
After his castration, the Sky no longer descended for purposes of covering the Earth at night, but held to its place, and the creation story of the universe came to a close. He then bound his father in chains and threw him into Tartarus. To keep this from happening, Cronus swallowed all of his children until Rhea, his mate, gave him a rock to swallow in place of Zeus. Oldfather Greek historian C1st B. The Gods of the Greeks. In the nights that followed, Uranus faithfully lowered himself to earth to make love with Gaia, showering her with fertile rain.
According to Cicero De Nat. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus. They are Alecto, Megaera and Tisiphone. She then gave birth to Uranus, the sky, so that he could cover her. Afterwards, Cronus threw his father's genitals into the sea of in Cyprus, around which foams developed, transforming slowly into , the Greek goddess of Love. This marks Uranus as the only planet in the solar system named by way of a Greek theonym as opposed to its Roman mythological equivalent. With Uranus reeling in pain, Cronus proceeded to free his imprisoned brothers.
Uranus was a refined but melancholy deity, representing the light and air of heaven. Accordingly, this primeval pairing are the ancestors of the majority of the gods which subsequently appeared in the Greek pantheon. Eumelus of Corinth or Arctinus of Miletus, Titanomachia Fragment 2 from Anecdota Oxon. From their shoulders sprang a hundred arms, not to be approached, and each had fifty heads upon his shoulders on their strong limbs, and irresistible was the stubborn strength that was in their great forms. Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial, and gave him no parentage, believing him to have been born from Chaos, the primal form of the universe.