Wavell plan 1945. Simla Conference 2019-01-16

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Wavell Plan, June 1945

wavell plan 1945

While the plan proposed immediate changes to the composition of the Executive Council it did not contain any guarantee of Indian independence, nor did it contain any mention of a future constituent assembly or any proposals for the division of power between the various parties of India. This scuttled the conference, and perhaps the last viable opportunity for a united, independent India. Actually, every nationalist leader wanted to avoid the cause of partition of India. So, to entertain Indians now came the 2 nd last Governor-General ie Lord Wavell. An Indian would be appointed as the member for Foreign Affairs in the Council.


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NCERT Notes: Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference; Simla Conference 1945

wavell plan 1945

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai and Tej Bahadur Sapru fought the case on behalf of the soldiers. But the conference failed to conclude. Lord Mountbatten was made the first Governor General of Independent India, whereas Mohammad Ali Jinnah became the first Governor General of Pakistan. On the morning of 29 June the conference was reconvened and Wavell asked parties to submit list of candidates for his new council, Azad agreed while Jinnah refused to submit a list before consulting Muslim League's working committee. Yet, he said, that was only possible if the leadership of the main Indian political parties agreed to the suggestions of the British government. Next, in the proposed Executive we would be reduced to a minority of one-third.

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Wavell Plan, 1945

wavell plan 1945

More than 3 million people had lost lives in the Famine of Bengal, which was largely manmade as the Government stopped the supplies from Burma due to the fear of the Japanese invasion. This, in the author's view, has not been attempted before. So, to resolve this political deadlock Wavell along with Lord Amery convened a conference in Shimla and set forth a plan called the Amery-Wavell Plan or the Wavell Plan 1945. Lord Wavell on 25 th June 1945, invited Congress and Muslim League to resolve the issue between them in Shimla. The new government sent the to India and this proved to be the final nail in the coffin of the Wavell Plan. The Wavell Plan, in its essence, was the complete Indianisation of the Executive Council.

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Wavell Plan (1945)

wavell plan 1945

Therefore, Gandhiji advised Sapru and Bhulabhai J. The Congress would never agree to this demand. Gandhi also attended this conference. Then on his way to Tokyo he died on 18 August 1945 in a plane crash. Conclusion Wavell Plan was constituted to resolve the political deadlock of existing India but he abandon the proposals due to disagreement between leaders of Muslim League and Congress, and finally the proposals were dissolved at the Shimla Conference. Alexander—was, therefore, sent to India to resolve the political deadlock.

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Simla Conference

wavell plan 1945

Meanwhile, a had been held in the United Kingdom in July 1945 which had brought the Labour Party to power. An attempt to establish the practice of collective responsibility in the interim government failed on account of the hostile attitude of the Muslim League. So, it was said that Congress had no right to nominate any Muslim in the Executive council. The plan, commonly known as the Wavell Plan, proposed the following: 1. As a temporary measure, a caretaker government of senior Civil Service officials was formed by the Governor-General towards the end of June 1946.

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Wavell Plan, 1945

wavell plan 1945

It envisaged a confederation consisting of three groups of autonomous states vesting the powers of three departments—Defence, External Affairs, and Communications— in a Central Government and all the remaining powers with the groups themselves. But the Simla Conference ended in a failure. The entire country was caught in the grip of the communal frenzy of the worst order. The Labour party wanted to transfer power to the Indians as quickly as possible. From the third week of March to the middle of June 1945, the three British Ministers along with Lord Wavell had a series of conferences with all the important political leaders of India representing every important party. The Plan suggested reconstitution of the Viceroy's Executive Council in which the Viceroy was to select persons nominated by the political parties.

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[Freedom Struggle] Rajagopalachari Formula (1944) Desai

wavell plan 1945

Wavell Plan, 1945 The war in Europe ended in May 1945, but the fear of Japanese invasion still remained. The Wavell Plan, 1945 Lord Wavell, 1943 Lord Wavell succeeded Lord Linlithgow. While the plan proposed immediate changes to the composition of the Executive Council it did not contain any guarantee of Indian independence, nor did it contain any mention of a future constituent assembly or any proposals for the division of power between the various parties of India. The discussions bore fruit and an interim government was formed on September 2, 1946. Fearing the death of Gandhi in prison as before him his wife and his private secretary were died in the same prison in Pune Palace, Lord recommended immediate unconditional release of Gandhi. Failure of the Simla Conference The Muslim League demanded that no other party could nominate a Muslim member to the Council, which would make the League the sole representative of Indian Muslims.

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[Freedom Struggle] Rajagopalachari Formula (1944) Desai

wavell plan 1945

Despite this, the League wanted the power of veto to any constitutional proposal which it believed was not in its interest. The Muslim league did not relent and Wavell dropped the plan. As a result, the Muslim League later on rejected the plan as a whole and declared that it would resort to Direct Action to achieve its own demands. There was a deadlock with the congress since 1939 resignations. A mission consisting of three Cabinet Ministers of the British Government—Sir Stafford Cripps, Lord Pethick-Lawrence and A.

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NCERT Notes: Wavell Plan and Shimla Conference; Simla Conference 1945

wavell plan 1945

He was made the President of Indian Independence League and soon became the supreme commander of the Indian National Army. The British Government led by Churchill wanted a solution on the constitutional question in India. A conference was held at Simla. Desai and Liaquat Ali Khan held a series of discussions and drew the following private and confidential proposals for cooperation between the Congress and the League. However, a British commissioner would be responsible for trade matters. But the Simla Conference ended in a failure. The meeting was attended by the Muslim League and the Congress both but the disparities arose on the question of Muslim representation.

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Wavell Plan (1945)

wavell plan 1945

To discuss these proposals with Indian leaders, Wavell summoned them to a conference to take place in Simla on 25 June 1945. He went to England for consultations in March 1945. Thousands of innocent people belonging to both the communities were killed. While declaring the plan, the Secretary of State for Indian Affairs made it clear that the British government wanted to listen to the ideas of all major Indian communities. After doing his basic homework, in May 1945 he visited London and discussed his suggestions with the British Government. The London talks resulted in the formulation of a definite plan of action which was officially made public simultaneously on June 14, 1945 by L. However, differences arose between the leadership of the two parties on the issue of representation of the Muslim community.

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