There are several ways of ensuring that members comply with the dictates of the culture. A person will behave differently at work, for instance, than they will with their friends, and differently again when alone. Children in Hindu societies learn from the very beginning about hard work and god-fearing attitudes. Thus, each child has unique experiences exactly duplicated by no one and, therefore, grows a different personality. The child picks up the language of his parents.
Research on animals has showed that both physical and psychological characteristics can be transmitted through heredity. Machiavellianism Machiavellianism is being practical, emotionally distant, and believing that ends justify means. Most cultures expect different roles from males than from females. Low rating in power distance indicates the possibility of stress because of unequal distribution of power. Likewise, shy people in the organization may even actively work in protecting organization.
Personality shapes behavior of individual and hence it is concerned with growth and development of the person. Henry, the two American psychologists after having studied five mountain communities discovered that the one farthest removed from the influence of civilization had the most stable personalities than the one in closest contact with modern urban life. Now some scientists believe that these involuntary functions can be consciously controlled through biofeedback. Those having a criminal background may become powerful and strong administrators, dominant politicians, etc. Siblings brothers and sisters also contribute to personality. Before making any decision, internals actively search for information, they are achievement driven, and want to command their environment. The majority of people are ambiverts.
But, personality was related more strongly with performance, absenteeism, and turnover. Personality is a very frequently used word but still there is no consensus about its meaning. Great heat enervates courage while cold causes certain vigor of body and mind. Thinking T Feeling F Analytical Subjective Head Heart Rules Circumstances Justice Mercy Locus of Control : Internals Vs. Parental Influences: The positive and negative personalities of children are dependent on their parents characteristics and mutual behaviour. It has been observed that many arrogant and indisciplined employees become humble and disciplined in a particular situation. For personality development, the characteristics such as—aggressiveness, nervousness, timidity and sociability are strongly influenced by genetic endowment.
Researchers have found that about 50 percent of personality traits are genetically inherited. Brain: Brain has a great impact on personality. Managers need to identity such employees and manage at right time. However, heredity does not mould human personality alone and unaided. It is the other way round also. Other personal deposition that have a moderate genetic component, which includes aggression, desire for achievement, sense of well-being etc. Personality is the outcome of a continuous personal quality development process.
Self-esteem It is the extent up to which people either like or dislike themselves. The people of mountain as well as deserts are usually bold, hard and powerful. It has been shown by social researchers that a person may show honesty in one situation and not in another. Some of the events and experiences can serve as important determinants of his personality. It is a question of how a man takes the situation.
Machiavellians are always wanting to win and are great persuaders. Moreover, in sociology our interest is only in the social aspects of human behaviour and hence to the social causes of personality disorganisation. From all three perspectives, the identification process is fundamental to the understanding of personality development. The computer compares all incoming data against its programmed intelligence, in order to generate a conclusion. This is not a proper synonym but consider fish-bait.
A person's physical characteristics may be related to his approach to the social environment, to the expectancies of others, and to their reactions, to him. Managers, thus need to consider the situational factors as well while hiring employees. Theory of personality development Introduction: Personality refers to the unique and distinctive characteristics which differentiate one person from another. Their judgement affects the evaluation and development of personality. In the midst of these varying notions the individual gets confused. Personality is not the result of only one factor but every factor is responsible to give complete share in its formation. Although heredity can cause mental illnesses which affect personality, most people get their personalities from the surroundings they grew up in.