Although the Cold War was sometimes fought on the battlefield, it involved everything from political rhetoric to sports. During the years of 1945 and 1947 he tightened his grip over the countries of Eastern Europe that the red army had entered during the last year of the war. The issue of nuclear weapons led to a failure of atomic diplomacy. The allies were untrusting towards the Soviets, as they had formerly signed a non-aggression contract with Hitler. Truman did not react in an aggressive manner causing Stalin to lift the Blockade.
However there were faults on the Russian side too, The Russians expanded into Eastern Europe, this was one of the most important reasons in my view that the Cold War got worse. The Americans remembered the disastrous effects of the Depression of the 1930s and Truman wanted to do all he could to prevent another worldwide slump. Policies such as the Truman Doctrine, promising aid to Greece and Turkey, the Marshall Plan, The organization of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the formation of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Berlin airlift, and the development of the hydrogen bomb all took aim at stopping the Cold War. This process proceeded for eleven months, until May 12, 1949, when the Soviets finally lifted the blockade, due mainly to pressure form a Western embargo on key exports from the eastern bloc and a crackdown on communications. This caused uneasiness between the East and the West. From an academic publication on International Relations author not known. Nevertheless, we can say that the Cold War is a political, military and media conflict, which has a large effect over the lives of thousands of innocent civilians.
But Stalin's action was most to blame. Despite the opposition, the U. This was achieved in the way that coalition governments were set up that consisted of both Communist and democratic parties but the key posts tended to be held by Communists. Stalin's initial paranoid suspicions of the West gave him the need to cripple Germany in order to feel protected against future threats and I believe that he used this excuse to too far an extent, thus bringing about the Cold War. Although Stalin did not allow completely free elections in the European countries now under Soviet influence, it was.
The blame for the Cold War cannot be placed on one person -- it developed as a series of chain reactions as a struggle for supremacy. Furthermore, the states within Cominform were expected to keep trade within the Cominform member states, and were discouraged from making any contact with the Western world. Both parties are equally to blame for the Cold War. William Appleman Williams, The Tragedy of American Diplomacy, 2nd rev. This could be interpreted as an open declaration of their tension. Direct military attacks on adversaries were deterred by the potential for mutual assured destruction using deliverable nuclear weapons.
The actions of the west, primarily the United States under the leadership of Truman, were aimed not at creating or escalating a Cold War, but to preventing and limiting it. On the 24th June 1948, Stalin decided to blockade West Berlin by cutting off road and rail links. Stalin re-established Cominform in September 1947. Schlesinger 1967 Schlesinger believes that the soviets were wrong. Further, Russia argued that the areas had never had democratic governments, and that a communist system would allow these 'backward countries' to progress and flourish. Even though small satellites of communists throughout Europe, such as those in Italy and France, were operating independent from Soviet influence, we believed that there was a mass move towards communism.
New York: McGraw Hill, Inc. The blame lies on one of these two countries. As long as Soviet leaders clung to their dream of imposing Communism on the world, the West had no way other than surrender of ending the conflict. Conflict has, therefore, become endemic and is waged, on the part of the Soviet Union, by violent or non-violent methods in accordance with the dictates of expediency. The Communists murdered and imprisoned their own people by the million.
It was not enough for a state to be merely communist: it had to adopt the Russian-style communism. There are four different sides, which have been studied in order to understand the reason of the outbreak of War; the four main versions are called, the Traditionalists, the Revisionists, The Post Revisionists and the Post 1991. They also turned off the West's power, under the pretence of there being a coal shortage in order to starve the West Berliners into submission and hopefully get the West's leaders to leave. The best know were in Germany and Hungary. It appeared to them that Russia's attitude went against all of the promises that Stalin had made at Yalta -- namely, that Stalin would permit free elections in the eastern European states.
This type of financial aid did not work as the Soviets were lacking funds and hence were not able to assist each other financially. It came out of a speech the Truman gave to a joint session of congress. The goal was to force western powers from West Berlin by reducing it to the starvation point. This form of aid —which was detested by Stalin- was forced upon by himself. Confronting China Truman's containment strategy proved less successful in Asia. It was not enough for a state to be merely communist: it had to adopt the Russian-style communism. Thus, both the United States and the Soviet Union caused the conflict between Democracy and Communism.
Although this relationship has improved greatly all it needs is for a harsh factor to make it unstable and at risk once more. It is necessary, therefore, to examine the role of Stalin as a catalyst to the Cold War. During the time of McCarthyism, two schools of revisionists, hard and soft, both felt this way, though with different specifics to their cases. His policy towards Soviet Russia, then, was much more severe than that of Roosevelt. Practice question - who was to blame for the cold war? The Soviet Union was not granted the right to rule the new countries as it wanted, there would be mandatory elections, which might throw away the power of Russia there. Secretary of State George Marshall offered billions of dollars of aid to the countries of Europe, and many took it. Roosevelt also showed a lack of trust in Stalin.