It represents the lighthouse of Alexandria Private collection Right: A coin dating from Emperor Hadrian 117-138. The city is covered with edifice whose purpose is to mark the power of the kingdom. Large underwater blocks of stone were marked with floating masts so that an Electronic Distance Measurement station on shore could obtain their exact positions. In some descriptions, it is recorded that a huge statue, representing either Alexander the Great or Ptolemy I in the form of the Sun God, Helios, stood on the top of the lighthouse. It is still a prosperous city today. In the currency used at that time, it cost around 800 'talents'. His author is Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, he was an architect and sculptor.
Its important height and its exemplary robustness made the lighthouse of Alexandria unique. But the architect left the following inscription on the base's walls nonetheless: Sostratus, the son of Dexiphanes, the Cnidian, dedicated or erected this to the Saviour Gods, on behalf of those who sail the seas. Book 9, chapter 58: Perseus Project, Tufts University. Of the original Seven Wonders, only one—the also called the Pyramid of , after the pharaoh who built it , the oldest of the ancient wonders—remains relatively intact. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. It was later in 1303 and in 1323 that two stronger earthquakes considerably damaged the structure. As colorful as this story is there does not seem to be much truth in it.
Pharos Lighthouse stood on the eastern point of Pharos Island some distance from the city center of Alexandria. Also it seems that the windows are not properly arranged, the lighthouse seemingly had windows in ququito. This is one of the most known ancient monuments and also most often represented because it was one of the first lighthouses. A common theory is that stone from Egypt was used and it was then plated with white marble on the outside to give it the amazing beautiful appearance that everyone marveled at. Unlike his predecessor, however, he came up with a solution. This edifice is the symbol of the technical exploit shown by the Egyptians.
A lighthouse with a reflective mirror was the solution. He takes the opportunity to point out that the island is surrounded by pious massifs intended to support the banks. However, it is highly unlikely that either of these stories are true. It was the first lighthouse ever built and was located on the tiny island of Pharos, which lies in front of the city of Alexandria. The Main architect was a man named Sostras and the lighthouse consisted of three parts: - The bottom rectangular portion that was 183. Working beneath the surface they searched the bottom of the sea for artifacts.
The remnants of the Pharos that were incorporated into the walls of Fort Qaitbey are clearly visible due to their excessive size in comparison to surrounding masonry. It was one of 17 cities that he named after himself, but Alexandria was one of the few to survive. Whatever was used to create the structure, it had to have been very sturdy and well built since it stood for some 2,000 years; which means it stood up to countless violent and strong storms, fierce winds, large waves from the surrounding ocean, and earthquakes… although it was a great earthquake that likely caused the final destruction of this lighthouse on Pharos Island, Alexandria, Egypt. It was severely damaged by two earthquakes in 1303 and 1323, to the point that the Arab traveller Ibn Battuta reported not being able to enter the ruin. Note however that there were other statues on the lighthouse, along its base.
There is a story that says the huge mirror positioned at the top of the Pharos lighthouse was at times used as a weapon to blind ships of enemies that were approaching, and it at times would cause the intensity of the sun to set the ships on fire. Witness to the slow disappearance of Alexandria due to the various seismic shocks as well as to the subsidence of ground, it describes precisely the damages caused. This light house of Alexandria was one of the wonders among all the seven wonders of the world, which was constructed to serve a practical purpose. . There are Moorish travelers who stated that the lighthouse was 300 cubits high, which is a measurement that has different sizes depending in what part of the world you are so it would have been somewhere between 400 and 600 feet tall.
Alexandria was an important port city in Egypt at the time. On top of this platform stood a square structure measuring 18 m 60 ft on each side and roughly 56 m 184 ft tall. A statue of Poseidon stood atop the tower during the Roman period. The Pharos outlived the dynasty that commissioned its construction. The Lighthouse on coins minted in Alexandria in the second century L: reverse of a coin of Antoninus Pius, R: reverse of a coin of Commodus Wikimedia. The lighthouse of Alexandria also called the Pharos of Alexandria is a lighthouse that lit the way for sailors into the tricky harbor on the island of Pharos.
This representation is therefore fairly faithful. Some sources indicate that the lighthouse was equipped with reflective mirrors to increase its visibility, it seems to be false. It is believed that, not only was the lighthouse at Alexandria the tallest lighthouse in the world for its time, but no lighthouse constructed since then has equalled it in height. Another belief was that the mirror was so strong it could be used to observe and spy on competing city-states across the Mediterranean Sea, more than 100 miles away. The story of the Pharos itself started with the founding of the city of Alexandria by the Macedonian conqueror Alexander the Great in 332 B.
While the first still stands, the latter was destroyed, almost certainly by an earthquake. He faced the same problems when it came to ships trying to access the city. Therefore, the harbor was busy as never, so Photemy clearly saw the need of a symbol, a sign which could give a guide to the trade ships. The representations subsequent to 1303 lack credibility because they were made from memories for the most reliable or are purely imaginary in the worst case. But limestone is a soft stone, for a lighthouse it is not a very suitable material. Today the city of Alexandria uses the symbol of the lighthouse on the flag of the Alexandria Governorate as well as on their seal. That is why erect upright, cut out the sky a visible tower at innumerable stages during the day.
Some sources say that a statue in honor of Poseidon, the god of the sea, was on the very top of the lighthouse. This part of the lighthouse was 71m high and at its summit was a terrace equipped with a high railing of 2,30m and carved Tritons blowing in horns, a means of preventing accidents at sea. Lighthouse of Alexandria If the architect of the lighthouse remains unknown to this day, the place of edification is perfectly known, it is on the island of Pharos, an island which at the time was a short distance from the coast. His narrative gives details of the state of the lighthouse, which is already partly in ruins. In fact, the modifications were essentially natural. The building itself was hollow and contained an access ramp on the second floor and about fifty rooms, so it was a real urban complex, not at all a simple block of solid retaining stone. This made it difficult for ships to navigate into the harbor, especially at night.